Explore our latest content and live stream the radio program with our mobile apps. If you believe he is necessary, then you must believe he exists. What are valid arguments for His existence that are obvious? Every finite and contingent being has a cause. They mean there really are evil, wicked things that take place (objectivism). This book assesses the worth of arguments for and against the existence of God. One of my favorites, with very intricate abstraction. II. Therefore, a First Cause (or something that is not an effect) must exist. Yet there is a problem of evil (we all know this), so there must be broken laws, so there must be laws, so there must be a transcendent law maker, so there must be a God. These are among my favorite arguments for the existence of God. Feel free to comment on the veracity (or your opinion of) each but remember to keep calm and argue reasonably. For in depth analysis of the individual arguments, see unmoved mover, first cause, argument from contingency, argument from degree, or teleological argument. There are several forms of existence, for example our existence in a physical sense -- we take up space, we can be seen and heard, but Prime numbers also exist in the real of mathematical concepts even though they are not available to be perceived by the senses. If you answered “the problem of evil,” you’d be right. Note, by the way, that this line of thinking puts the cause of the cosmos outside of the material universe. Although the teleological argument dates at least as far back as Plato, it is perhaps most memorable today from the work of William Paley (1743-1805), in his Natural Theology (1… Arguments for the existence of God are usually classified as either a priori or a posteriori—that is, based on the idea of God itself or based on experience. 2. The information in this article is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to apologetics arguments. In the West, they lead to speculation about God; more specifically, they motivate arguments designed to establish the existence of God with the use of “unaided reason”. This argument is very old, and states that God must exist for the following reason: 1. That’s the complaint. Clearly, effects have causes. It has a fancy name—the Kalam cosmological argument—but it’s really easy to understand. Jacek Rafał Wojtysiak. But the second point requires the Universe to have had a cause, and we still aren’t sure it did. Here’s the basic idea. If there is no God, then there is no transcendent moral lawmaker. Logical arguments for the existence of God. If there is no God, then there is no objective morality (no lawmaker, then no laws). The five arguments are sound, but not all prove God’s existence the same way. The Bible says that God exists and the Bible is God’s word. And it goes like this– if God exists, God is both all powerful and perfectly good. A teleological argument seeks to demonstrate that the appearance of purpose or design is itself evidence of a designer.The counter to such a claim suggests that what “appears” to be designed is simply … others. Arguments for the Existence of God Philosophers have tried to provide rational proofs of God's existence that go beyond dogmatic assertion or appeal to ancient scripture. Notes included below. Existence of God 130.50 Kb. 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On some level, both the cosmological and the teleological arguments assume general revelation is valid. By the way, a “cosmological” argument is any argument for God’s existence that’s based on the mere existence of the cosmos, the universe. There are a number of ways to classify such arguments for God’s existence. This is especially impressive in that it was theorized by the Ancient Greeks, at a time when the Universe was not known to have had an origin. Here is Aquinas’s statement of it, which I have translated from Latin, for a sense of thoroughness: The fourth proof originates from the degrees discovered in things. I have seen people use that argument or something like it, … If God is all powerful, God is able to prevent any evil he wishes to prevent. A Compelling Case For The Existence of God E-Book Review By David P. Craig Just because this e-book is short (approximately 60 pages) does not mean that it is simplistic or not weighty. 4. My second favorite argument for God’s existence is a little easier. Morality, they argue, is not universal. God knows everything (1 John 3:20) so we know that He is the only possible explanation for how the watch came into existence. What Apologetic Arguments Are There for the Existence of God? Therefore, if God has both those properties, there is no evil. This book assesses the worth of arguments for and against the existence of God. David wrote most of the Psalms and in many of these he wrote that it was obvious that the universe was created and thus, demanded a Creator. Answer: The fine-tuning argument is a specific application of the teleological argument for the existence of God. Ontology is the branch of Philosophythat explores the concept of existence. Simply put, then, if there is no God, there can be no evil (or good, for that matter). Plato and Aristotle). Better than this, however, is the argument that this proof of God commits the logical fallacy called “infinite regression.” If the Universe had a first cause, what caused that first cause? Religious topics abound on Listverse and they are frequently the most commented upon. However, given that most Atheists use naturalistic materialism as the foundation of Atheism, is is a very viable argument. The argument of causation is the strongest in terms of proving that God really does exist. Building on the logic of legendary philosopher Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas outlined compelling reasons for people to embrace the existence of God. Pages in category "Arguments for the existence of God" The following 31 pages are in this category, out of 31 total. For there is discovered greater and lesser degrees of goodness, truth, nobility, and others. First, however, I want to show you the top 5 “arguments” for God’s arguments for God’s existence that you need to avoid: #1. Arguments for and against the Existence of God The polytheistic conceptions of God were criticized and derided by the monotheistic religions. Help us continue to equip Christians with knowledge, wisdom, and character. Two Epistemological Arguments for the Existence of God. the argument from design), The Moral Argument, and The Argument from Religious Experience. In this post, I’ll discuss the creation argument. There’s a reason for this. Marvin, this one is fairly easy for me since I have two favorites I think are relatively easy to follow and are really powerful evidences for God. What are the 5 proofs for the existence of God? 2. (4) If the universe has a reason for its existence then that reason is God. “The Big Bang” is the most prevalent astrophysical theory today, but it has its detractors, most arguing that because the mathematics that leads back to a big bang do not function at the point immediately prior to the big bang, those mathematics were invalid to begin with. This argument is quite brazen in its simplicity, requiring not only a belief in God, but a belief in the necessity of God. There is motion in the universe. Derived from the Greek word telos, which refers to purpose or end, this argument hinges on the idea that the world gives evidence of being designed, and concludes that a divine designer must be posited to account for the orderly world we encounter. 3. Therefore, the argument is sound. Everyone knows the world is broken. But none of this has anything to do with God’s existence. Nothing exists prior to itself. Nothing finite and contingent can cause itself. It is merely that when the atoms inside my skull happen, for physical or chemical reasons, to arrange themselves in a certain way, this gives me, as a by-product, the sensation I call thought. Note: These all deal with the Judeo-Christian God. Some of the above arguments are very weak: appeals to personal experience,vicious circular reasoning, and appeals to a first cause. Second, the material universe (the cosmos) came into existence sometime in the past. So instead the proposition God exists must be "demonstrated" from God's effects, which are more known to us. If no broken laws, then no problem of evil. There are three major arguments used to “prove” God’s existence. However, imbedded in this objection is the failure of modern philosoph y since Descartes t o provide a philosophical proof or argument that we know the real external world. Since nothing can move itself, an external agent or force is/was necessary to cause or instigate the motion … Along with other classic arguments -- the ontological, teleological, cosmological and experiential -- this seeks to present a philosophical argument that proves the necessity of God. Argument 5: The Ontological Argument. Here we present five arguments in favor of the existence of God, and the counterargument for it. A philosophic question: Does God reveal his nature both through general (natural) and special revelation? It is one of the most ancient arguments in favor of the existence of God. Pretty basic, and entirely consistent with our common-sense experience of the world. On the contrary, the argument of intelligent design is the weakest because it suggests that God’s existence is only necessary for unintelligent beings, instead of … Therefore: (3) The universe has a reason for its existence. Saint Anselm (1033-1109) was an Archbishop of Canterbury and Benedictine Monk and created the Ontological Argument from the perspective of 'faith seeking understanding' rathe… Fortunately, it was a multiple option poll, so I selected The Kalam Cosmological Argument, The Fine-Tuning Argument, The Local Fine-Tuning Argument, The Moral Argument, and The Ontological Argument. (2) The universe exists contingently. Here we present five arguments in favor of the existence of God, and the counterargument for it. There exists, therefore, something “truest,” and “best,” and “noblest,” which, in consequence, is the “greatest” being. This argument, originally formulated by a Benedictine monk named St. Anselm and has gone through several revisions over the centuries. However, he laid the groundwork for future philosophers to make it into a robust argument for God’s existence. Belief in God is a better explanation for this morality than any alternative. Arguments for the existence of God involve carefully crafted reasoning with the hope that an individual will come to the conclusion that God exists. Moral arguments are both important and interesting. In this article I outline two epistemological theistic arguments. Even if the arguments are correct, it doesn’t look like Aquinas gets us to the personal, loving God that many people pray to. Richard Dawkins, the most famous, or infamous, Atheist around these days, argues that just because we come across a “smelly” object, does not require that we believe that we believe in a “preeminently peerless stinker,” in his words. G. Stolyarov II. Everything in existence, from the grandness of the universe to the complexity of our DNA, is too complex and purposeful to exist by chance. “God exists, provided that it is logically possible for him to exist.”. Aquinas did not think the finite human mind could know what God is directly, therefore God's existence is not self-evident to us. After all, it is our ability to be reasonable (rationality) which separates us from the other animals! But “more” or “less” are terms spoken concerning various things that approach in diverse manners toward something that is the “greatest,” just as in the case of “hotter” approaching nearer the “greatest” heat. If you want the philosophic mumbo jumbo, here it is. In one sentence, this summarizes the "Moral Argument" for the existence of God. It sounds powerful, and the final judgment on it is still out there. 5) The fact that mathematics can actually describe the universe in a coherent way with simple mathematical equations. Apologists rely on a variety of arguments to substantiate the existence of a God, or to support the claims of divinity by a particular denomination's founder(s) or for its sacred texts. That is, none of the abovearguments really prove that God exists. As you can see, these four arguments form a logical explanation for believing in the existence of God. Here’s why. Aquinas’ Five Ways. The problem with the problem of evil is that if God does not exist, there can be no real evil to object to. It is also criticized as a circular argument, revolving from a premise to a conclusion which relies on the premise, which relies on the conclusion. This is only an introduction to the main arguments for God’s existence. 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