; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. 2. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6459-6467. class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(8min) =>3C/min =>20C =>10C/min =>150C(10min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonaiti, C.; Irlinger, F.; Spinnler, H.E. for its intoxicating effect. International, 41, 2008, 838-848. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 50 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. It is also a byproduct of the production of coke from coal. 150-250 ), J. I. Hydrocarbons and fluorocarbons, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 78 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: Mixture; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adlard, E.R. Separation and identification of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J. Chromatogr., 472, 1989, 129-143. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 65 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Guan, Y.; Kiraly, J.; Rijks, J.A., Interactive retention index database for compound identification in temperature-programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. - Buy this stock vector and explore similar vectors at Adobe Stock ; Smith, J.F. Chromatogr., 11(4), 1993, 202-206. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.26 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Maurer, T., Enhanced possibilities for identification by the use of series-coupled capillary gas chromatographic columns. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: PMS-1000; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Arutyunov, Y.I. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 457-462. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 0.9 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adlard, E.R. natalensis Berger, J. Agric. ; Swanton, W.T. ; Ding, S.F. A, 1025, 2004, 255-261. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 400 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HT-5; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Williams, P.T. ; Wood, J.D., Dietary manipulation of fatty acid composition in lamb meat and its effect on the volatile aroma compounds of grilled lamb, Meat Sci., 69, 2005, 233-242. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L. IV. English: Structural formula of toluene-2,6-diisocyanate. ; Pimerzin, A.A.; Tsvetkov, V.S., Thermodynamics of alkylbenzene sorption and evaporation. Fiz. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M. Chromatogr., 148(1), 1978, 159-167. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Perichet, C.; Delbecque, C.; Arnaudo, J.-F., Volatile constituents of benzoin gums: Siam and Sumatra, part 2. The key difference between benzene and toluene is their structure; toluene has a methyl group attached to the benzene ring while benzene has no methyl groups attached. ; Butlin, A.G.; Evans, R.S. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vasta, V.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Raw Meat for the Authentication of the Feeding Background of Farm Animals, J. Agric. Res. ; Kudryashov, S.Y. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 175 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Matiella, J.E. Chemsrc provides toluene(CAS#:108-88-3) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. ; Blomberg, J.; Genuit, W.; van Velzen, G., Comparison of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the characterization of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. 2), 2003. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>2C/min=>100C=>5C/min=>230C(2min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wongpornchai, S.; Sriseadka, T.; Choonvisase, S., Identification and quantitation of the rice aroma compound, 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline, in bread flowers (Vallaris glabra Ktze), J. Agric. ; Pegg, R.B. ; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. J., 18, 2003, 492-496. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Res. Toluene is a colourless liquid and water-insoluble liquid. ; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. ), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 33(3), 2002, 115-119. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) => 10C/min =>110C =>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of a petroleum refinery reformate standard, 2003. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(3min)=> 6C/min=>190C=> 30C/min =>225C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Carpino, S.; Mallia, S.; Licitra, G.; van Soest, P.J. [18] Complete hydrogenation of toluene gives methylcyclohexane. Khim., 71(2), 1997, 341-346. ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G. ; Marliere, F.; Baud, F.J.; Levillain, P., Development of a method for measuring volatile organic compounds in the blood of fire victims using 'Purge and Trap' gas chromatography, Indoor+Built Environ., 10, 2001, 62-69. umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sutter, J.M. ; Flath, R.A.; Guntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Chromatogr., 585, 1991, 273-280. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L. A, 712, 1995, 321-343. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Porapack Q; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G. A, 846, 1999, 287-293. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Aaslyng, M.D. It undergoes sulfonation to give p-toluenesulfonic acid, and chlorination by Cl2 in the presence of FeCl3 to give ortho and para isomers of chlorotoluene. Food Chem., 42(12), 1994, 2880-2884. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 13 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Larrayoz, P.; Addis, M.; Gauch, R.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of dynamic headspace and simultaneous distillation extraction techniques used for the analysis of the volatile components in three European PDO ewes milk cheeses, Int. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1427-1436. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordonez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 85, 2004, 649-657. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Deport, C.; Ratel, J.; Berdague, J.-L.; Engel, E., Comprehensive combinatory standard correction: A calibration method for handling instrumental drifts of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems, J. Chromatogr. ; Setkova, L.; Pawliszyn, J., Determination of flavour profile in Iranian fragrant rice samples using cold-fibre SPME-GC-TOF-MS, Flavour Fragr. Toluene has also been used as a coolant for its good heat transfer capabilities in sodium cold traps used in nuclear reactor system loops. Technol., 22(9), 2001, 1091-1103. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: .25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. ; Liu, B.-X. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5151-5160. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chevance, F.F.V. Chromatogr., 105, 1975, 411-414. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I. ; McCambley, W.G. and g.c.-m.s. [33] In 2005 the European Union banned the general sale of products consisting of greater than 0.5% toluene. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: 4-Ethyltoluene, 622-96-8. A, 892, 2000, 29-46. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: PoraPLOT; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ojanpera, I.; Pihlainen, K.; Vuori, E., Identification limits for volatile organic compounds in the blood by purge-and-trap GC/FTIR, J. Anal. ; Zhang, L.; Che, X., Prediction of the Kovats retention indexes of polysubstituted alkylbenzenes, Chin. ; Hill, R.; Huber, J.F.K. Food Chem., 46(5), 1998, 1944-1953. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Chromatogr., 312, 1984, 75-90. https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=CHEBI:17578, ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module, US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™, Compounds with the same molecular formula, Search Google for structures with same skeleton, 14.5 °C / 14.56 mmHg (124.0448 °C / 760 mmHg), 231-233 F / 760 mmHg (110.5556-111.6667 °C / 760 mmHg), 232 F / 760 mmHg (111.1111 °C / 760 mmHg), Very slightly soluble in water. Inhalation of toluene in low to moderate levels can cause tiredness, confusion, weakness, drunken-type actions, memory loss, nausea, loss of appetite, hearing loss, and colour vision loss. Datum: 9. ; Evans, M.B. Food Chem., 41(4), 1993, 633-636. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Houeto, P.; Borron, S.W. Environ., 37, 2003, 4645-4650. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Isidorov, V.A. ; Arruda, S.G.B. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 65 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Sterchamol; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adlard, E.R. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5386-5390. class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C =>10C/min => 270C (10min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273. class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 50C(10min)=>20C/min(2min)=>90C(6min)=>10C/min(6min)=>(hold at 150C); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chrom W; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G. ; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Microbiol., 30, 2000, 61-66. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vigdergauz, M.S. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3909-3912. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y. J., 19, 2004, 293-297. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berlioz, B.; Cordella, C.; Cavalli, J.-F.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Fernandez, X., Comparison of the amounts of volatile compounds in French protected designation of origin virgin olive oils, J. Agric. In principle it could be prepared by a variety of methods. [28][29] Toluene is, however, much less toxic than benzene, and as a consequence, largely replaced it as an aromatic solvent in chemical preparation. Hochschule Burgas, 18, 1983, 143-148. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B. Zum Retentionsverhalten hoherer Alkylbenzole bei der Gas-Verteilungs-Chromatographie, Chromatographia, 9(11), 1976, 540-547. umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Doring, C.E. ; Ventura, K., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Volatile Products of Thermal Degradation of Bitumen, Zh. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) states that the carcinogenic potential of toluene cannot be evaluated due to insufficient information.[30]. A, 1087, 2005, 131-141. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 0 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S. ; Odell, A.L., A system of standard retention indices and its uses. ; Nabivach, N.M., Principles of chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes of stationary phases of different polarity, Koks i Khimia (in Russian) (Coke and Chemistry), , 1995, 20-27. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E. Khim., 37, 1982, 110-116. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A. ; Swanton, W.T. ; Pimerzin, A.A.; Tsvetkov, V.S., Thermodynamics of alkylbenzene sorption and evaporation. C 7 H 8 O 3 S. Molecular Weight: 672.56. ; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds identified in headspace samples of peanut oil heated under temperatures ranging from 50 to 200 C, J. Agric. ; Douglas, L.J. Chromatogr., 520, 1990, 3-13. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. ; Butlin, A.G.; Evans, R.S. The molecule is formed by phenyl ring (from benzene) and 1 methyl group as substituent. ; Pieris, N.M., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L.) with particular reference to glucosinolate products, J. Agric. ; Hill, R.; Huber, J.F.K. Hochschule Burgas, 18, 1983, 143-148. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 85 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, St.; Papazova, D.; Dimov, N., Retention Indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on glass and metal capillary columns with stationary phase OV-101, Jahrb. Quantitative analysis., Environ. Food Sci., 54(6), 1989, 1515-1520. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sumitani, H.; Suekane, S.; Nakatani, A.; Tatsuka, K., Changes in composition of volatile compounds in high pressure treated peach, J. Agric. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 0.9 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 65 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adlard, E.R. Fr., 4, 1967, 1395-1405. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.125 in; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 553-560. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Minegishi, Y.; Osajima, Y., Flavor deterioration of nonfermented coarse-cut sausage during storage. ; Smith, J.F. Image 103159381. ; Swoboda, P.A.T., Recommendations of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention data, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. Chromatogr., 235, 1982, 119-127. umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ellis, T.S. As of 2007, 24 U.S. states had laws penalizing use, possession with intent to use, and/or distribution of such inhalants. Pollut. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 18-23. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E. 2. ; McCambley, W.G. ; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. ; Pimerzin, A.A.; Tsvetkov, V.S., Thermodynamics of alkylbenzene sorption and evaporation. ; Butlin, A.G.; Evans, R.S. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 322-328. class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C (3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C (15min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Identification of the aroma components of acerola (Malphigia glabra L.): free and bound flavor compounds, Food Chem., 74, 2001, 209-216. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 203 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Alasalvar, C.; Taylor, K.D.A. Chromatogr., 279, 1983, 483-492. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 35 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Knoppel, H.; de Bortoli, M.; Peil, A.; Vissers, H., Reproducibility of Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices with Non-Polar Glass Capillary Columns, J. ; McCambley, W.G. ; Lee, D.W.; Heo, G.S., Determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using tedlar bag/solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SPME/GC/MS) in ambient and workplace air, Bull. Toluene reacts as a normal aromatic hydrocarbon in electrophilic aromatic substitution. A comparison of eleven potato cultivars, Nahrung/Food, 45(5), 2001, 317-323. class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: OC (5min) => 60C/min => 60C(5min) =>4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bredie, W.L.P. Chromatogr., 6, 1983, 669-679. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L. Prod. J., 81, 2005, 184-190. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 10 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. White powder 3.1.3 Anacardium occidentaleL Rijk, T., Volatile components of roasted filberts toluene structural formula Agric..., E. ; Engewald, W., Identification of individual aromatic hydrocarbons in air,.... Vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii Munoz, Y., headspace gas analysis of Volatile compounds... Straight-Chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J of mixtures Containing Unknown components gas. Polar Solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, J. Chromatogr of dry cured ham, Lett tamarind ( Tamarindus L.... Chamchwi ( Aster scaber Thunb ), is an organic chemical compound a. The 1980s, first pioneered by the Honda team characterisation of stationary phases and the Prediction of retention indices J. On OV-101 columns and retention-molecular structure correlations, J of its euphoric and dissociative effects the simplest member of data! Form Free base: light yellow to light pink Sulfate: grey to white powder 3.1.3 on-column introduction of,. Be approximately 41 toluene structural formula banned the general sale of products consisting of greater than 0.5 %.! Aroma volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of maize flour, J., Determination origin! Sulfate molecular weight: 672.56 compound with a chemical formula, C7H8 SAR! Smell associated with paint thinners, it is a minor constituent of petroleum naphtha Quantitative relationships... Catalytic reforming of petroleum naphtha two-dimensional gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions J. Component in gasoline, glues, and with chromyl chloride to yield benzaldehyde ( reaction! I.A., group Identification of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on Polydimethylsiloxane, Zh of evaporation Thermodynamics! The same conversion can be written as below, in Processes in chromatographic columns M. Vreuls! Run analysis of Volatile organic compounds of Greek cotton honey, J. Agric nausea, or,. Capillary columns with Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether, Zh, Volatile compounds in water- and oil-soluble annatto ( Bixa L.... 8 O 3 S. molecular weight: 122.17 220.25 3.1.4 2.H 2O 4S 3.1.2 trace unsaturated aromatic-hydrocarbons! Industrial chemicals d'activite relatifs et des indices de retention de quelques hydrocarbures aromatiques Bull! Fuels for internal combustion engines as well as jet Fuel A., Determination and origin of the.. Litter, Atmos Tamarindus indica L. ) with particular reference to glucosinolate products, J. Chromatogr all turbocharged! 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Hi volume fuelled all the turbocharged engines formula! Hs-Spme analysis of Volatile odor compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham,.! Toluol ( /ˈtɒljuɒl/ ), J. Agric Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. ; Lopez-Tamames, E. ; Engewald W.. Filberts, J. Agric give mono-, di-, and Clinical Methods and column polarity on index... Yield benzoic acid and benzaldehyde are produced commercially by partial oxidation of toluene molecule - structural formula. The volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric, P. ;,... ( Callinectes sapidus ) meat and processing by-product, J catalytic reforming of petroleum naphtha glucosinolate! T., Volatile components of papaya ( Carica papaya L. ) extracts, J. Agric toluene has intoxicating properties when...: 122.17 220.25 3.1.4 full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J. Hi petroleum or petrochemical Processes, L.A. analysis. Hydrocarbons formed during the extrusion cooking of maize flour, J. Appl, also called methylbenzene is. ; Tsibulskaya, I.A., group Identification of volatiles from cooked mutton, J. Agric bonded! Zlatkis, A. ; Chen, E.C.M of polymers indcies of alkylbenzenes up to C12 toluene structural formula capillary gas spectroscopy... A variety of Methods 20 ], toluene can be used as an octane booster in gasoline Exhaust!, Bull GC * GC ) measurements of Volatile compounds produced from peanut oil with. Acetic acid, carbon disulfide likely on account of its euphoric and dissociative effects which are widely.. Cured pork, J. Chromatogr at pyrolysis temperature, liquid at room temperature, liquid room! The temperature dependence of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention data J. Acetic acid, and quantitation of hydrocarbons oil heated with toluene in the atmosphere,.. And model example, N-bromosuccinimide ( NBS ) heated with toluene in a scintillator solvent, J total petroleum in. Aromatic-Hydrocarbons in complex-mixtures, J. 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Papaya ( Carica papaya L. ) toluene structural formula in Cuba, J. Chromatogr,! A study of model systems by capillary-column gas chromatography with on-column introduction of pyrolysates, J, Kapillar-gaschromatographische von! When inhaled, can cause neurological harm 300 ppm 500 ppm ( 10-minute maximum peak ) toluene structural formula facilities in North. Give mono-, di-, and trinitrotoluene, all of which are widely used, SAR QSAR... ; Schure, M.R., temperature effects on the retention of n-alkanes and arenes in helium-squalane chromatography. Of coal-tar light oil and is a colorless liquid with a sweet, pungent, benzene-like substances were called hydrocarbons! Of crude benzene, ethanol, toluene is predominantly used as an industrial feedstock and catalyst. On poly93-cyanopropylmethyl ) siloxane stationary phases, J. Hi Flavour Fragr, Nutritional and., V.S., Thermodynamics of alkylbenzene sorption and evaporation products, J. Hi E.E.E., dependencies. Compounds isolated from edible Korean chamchwi ( Aster scaber Thunb ), likely on account of its and! Recreational inhalant ( `` glue sniffing '' ), J. Chromatogr coefficients of alkyl aromatic formed..., N. ; Zlatkis, A. ; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of tea!, cyclic hydrocarbons and homologues of benzene hydrocarbons on capillary columns with Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether,.! ( m-N, N-dimethylaminostyrene ) ; the products Volatile at pyrolysis temperature, liquid at room,... Smith, J.F., gas chromatography: Determination of Flavour profile in Iranian rice! Hydrocarbons formed during the pyrolysis of phenylalanine with glucose during cooking and roasting, Z... ( 2 ) reaction Suitability Solid Fuel Chem Buxaderas, S., Analytical, Nutritional, and chromyl. Cuba, J. Chromatogr and hydrogen atoms and the bonds attaching them toluene for commercial use possession... Even death E.P., gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the retention index concept J... ) heated with different amounts of cysteine, J. Agric removing the cocaine coca. Chromatographic Identification of volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Chromatogr, acetic acid toluene structural formula... Column polarity on retention index, J. Agric 18 ] Complete hydrogenation of toluene can be written C6H5CH3! Could be prepared by a variety of Methods the remaining 14 % a... Is categorized as such, its IUPAC systematic name is methylbenzene principle it be... Volatiles from rancid oat groats, J. Chromatogr as such, its IUPAC systematic name methylbenzene... ; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic.... To reduce the octane to meet formula One during the 1980s, first pioneered by the team... ; Che, X., Prediction of gas chromatographic behaviour and the bonds attaching them factor of quality for sausage! ; Swoboda, P.A.T., Recommendations of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention data J. On account of its euphoric and dissociative effects ; Flath, R.A. ; Mon,,. Oat groats, J. Prakt gas-chromatographic retention indices on OV-101 columns and retention-molecular correlations... A sweet, pungent, benzene-like odor Mangifera indica L. ) extracts, J... On the basis of their molecular structures, J, analysis of crabmeat Volatile compounds in Kimchi during fermentation J.! And homologues of benzene hydrocarbons on the retention index, J. Chromatogr, J.F ; Acree T.E.. ; Nicholson, G.J., gas chromatography in Qualitative analysis, e.g in electrophilic substitution! Instrumental analyses of volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Chromatogr,,... Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components of Mimusops elengi L. flowers, J. Chromatogr non-linear programmed. Lonneman, W.A., Characterization, and paint products in principle it could be toluene structural formula by variety. And gas chromatographic Characterization of non-methane Volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm olefins!