Mechnikov' National University, Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ukraine, Trukhanov officially won the mayoral election in Odessa, Ukrainian local elections: City-by-city guide to this weekend’s runoff votes, "Who's Behind A String Of Bombings In Ukraine's Black Sea 'Pearl'? Odessa is a popular tourist destination, with many therapeutic resorts in and around the city. [citation needed]. The actual massacre took place in streets nearby, not on the steps themselves, but the film caused many to visit Odessa to see the site of the "slaughter". Find out more about our data sources. Some of the Odessans had a more favourable view of the Romanian occupation, in contrast with the Soviet official view that the period was exclusively a time of hardship, deprivation, oppression and suffering – claims embodied in public monuments and disseminated through the media to this day. Due to the fluctuating slopes of land, city planners are responsible for monitoring the stability of such areas, and for preserving potentially threatened building and other structures of the city above sea level near water. How warm is the sea near Odessa? Richelieu founded Odessa – watched over it with paternal care – labored with a fertile brain and a wise understanding for its best interests – spent his fortune freely to the same end – endowed it with a sound prosperity, and one which will yet make it one of the great cities of the Old World". The average annual temperature of sea is 13–14 °C (55–57 °F), whilst seasonal temperatures range from an average of 6 °C (43 °F) in the period from January to March, to 23 °C (73 °F) in August. [29] Subsequent Soviet policies imprisoned and executed numerous Odessans (and deported most of the German population) on account of collaboration with the occupiers. The tourism sector is of great importance to Odessa, which is currently[when?] 4-power scope. The defense was organized on three lines with emplacements consisting of trenches, anti-tank ditches and pillboxes. There are two routes of public transport which connect Odessa Airport with the city center: trolley-bus №14 and marshrutka №117.[84]. Current population is 1,017,699 (2020 est. The best time and weather to travel to Odessa 2020. Nowadays the garden is home to a bandstand and is the traditional location for outdoor theater in the summertime. ODESSA UKRAINE WEATHER. During the 19th century, Odessa was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Warsaw. Odessa Weather Forecasts. Tavria-V is the most popular retail chain in Odessa. In addition to these universities, the city is home to the Odessa Law Academy, the National Academy of Telecommunications and the Odessa National Maritime Academy. Odessa Ukraine 7 day weather forecast including weather warnings, temperature, rain, wind, visibility, humidity and UV The tradition has been celebrated since the early 1970s, when the humor of Ukraine’s citizens were drawn to television and the media, further developing into a mass festival. The city currently covers a t… In 2007 the Port of Odessa handled 31,368,000 tonnes of cargo. The most popular sport in Odessa is football. Read an overview of the climate. The M14 is of particular importance to Odessa's maritime and shipbuilding industries as it links the city with Ukraine's other large deep water port Mariupol which is located in the south east of the country. Travel weather and climate description. Khadjibey came under direct control of the Ottoman Empire after 1529[12] as part of a region known as Yedisan after one of Nogay Hordes, and was administered in the Ottoman Silistra (Özi) Eyalet, Sanjak of Özi. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and What became Mykhailovsky Square was the center of this settlement and the site of its first Orthodox church, the Church of the Dormition, built in 1821 close to the seashore, as well as of a cemetery. Travel guide and advices. Sources of running water in the city include the Dniester River, from which water is taken and then purified at a processing plant just outside the city. one of the founding fathers of Odessa, together with another Frenchman, Count Andrault de Langeron, who succeeded him in office. What is the weather like in August in Odessa? [citation needed] These qualities are reflected in the "Odessa dialect", which borrows chiefly from the characteristic speech of the Odessan Jews, and is enriched by a plethora of influences common for the port city. Vera Inber, a poet and writer, as well as the poet and journalist, Margarita Aliger were both born in Odessa. (2006) Этнополитическая география Украины = Етнополітична географія України. [13] Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Odessa: How many hours of sunshine per day in Odessa? Odessa is one of the warmest region in Ukraine with an average daily high temperature of 16 degrees centigrade. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Hennadiy Avdyeyenko won a 1988 Olympic gold medal in thehigh jump, setting an Olympic record at 2.38 metres (7.81 feet). The rainfall here averages 459 mm. The Flemish engineer working for the empress, Franz de Volan (François Sainte de Wollant) recommended the area of Khadzhibei fortress as the site for the region's basic port: it had an ice-free harbor, breakwaters could be cheaply constructed that would render the harbor safe and it would have the capacity to accommodate large fleets. The Odessa Museum of Western and Eastern Art is big art museum; it has large European collections from the 16–20th centuries along with the art from the East on display. [4] After a period of Lithuanian Grand Duchy control, Hacibey and surroundings became part of the domain of the Ottomans in 1529 and remained there until the empire's defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1792. Other sectors of the city's economy include the banking sector: the city hosts a branch of the National Bank of Ukraine. Another version posits that the settlement appeared after Odessa itself was founded, as a settlement of Moldavians, Greeks and Albanians fleeing the Ottoman yoke. What are the average temperatures in Odessa? What are the 4 seasons of year in Odessa? Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 84°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 92°F. The city currently covers a territory of 162.42 km2 (63 sq mi),[37] the population density for which is around 6,139 persons/km². Odessa; Ukraine Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. What was the coldest temperature ever recorded in Odessa? The 19th-century shopping gallery Passage was, for a long time, the city's most upscale shopping district, and remains to this day[update] an important landmark of Odessa. Some expressed doubts about this claim, while others noted the reputation of Gribovsky as an honest and modest man.[9]. [42], A 2015 study by the International Republican Institute found that 68% of Odessa was ethnic Ukrainian, and 25% ethnic Russian. Odessa also has a well-developed system of inter-urban municipal roads and minor beltways. Within the park there are a variety of cultural and entertainment facilities, and wide pedestrian avenues. The Baryatinsky Bulvar is popular for its route, which starts at the park's gate before winding its way along the edge of the coastal plateau. 2 in C Major", Ассоциация портов Украины и всего Чёрного моря: члены, "Snap acquires Ukrainian startup AI Factory for $166M", "Drivers - IRC Intercontinental Rally Challenge - Eurosport", "Greek Merchants in Odessa in the Nineteenth Century", "Odessa and the Problem of Urban Modernization", "The Pogrom of 1905 in Odessa: A Case Study", "Map of the current public transport routes in Odessa", The Museum of the Jewish People at Beit Hatfutsot, Odessa yesterday. A more recent Tatar settlement was also founded at the location by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea in 1440 that was named after him as Hacibey (or Khadjibey). During the 1960s and 1970s, the city grew. Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Odessa ☃ Water Temperature in localities in Odessa ☀ Weather forecast for Odessa in July ☔. Location: Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine. Odessa - more information regarding the temperature and precipitation. Most of the city's 19th-century houses were built of limestone mined nearby. Odessa is linked to the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, by the M05 Highway, a high quality multi-lane road which is set to be re-designated, after further reconstructive works, as an 'Avtomagistral' (motorway) in the near future. Another notable port, Chornomorsk, is located in the same oblast, to the south-west of Odessa. One additional mode of transport in Odessa is the Potemkin Stairs funicular railway, which runs between the city's Primorsky Bulvar and the sea terminal, has been in service since 1902. Kostyantyn Mykolayovych Bocharov, better known by his stage name, Mélovin, is a native of Odessa. In addition to all the state-run universities mentioned above, Odessa is also home to many private educational institutes and academies which offer highly specified courses in a range of different subjects. What is the weather like in May in Odessa? The Namestnik of Yekaterinoslav and Voznesensk, Platon Zubov (one of Catherine's favorites) supported this proposal, and in 1794 Catherine approved the founding of the new port-city and invested the first money in constructing the city. Above all comes the mayor, who is elected, by the city's electorate, for five years in a direct election. In the Middle Ages successive rulers of the Odessa region included various nomadic tribes (Petchenegs, Cumans), the Golden Horde, the Crimean Khanate, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Ottoman Empire. Check it out: Photographer captures stunning images of the northern lights. [36], Odessa is situated (46°28′N 30°44′E / 46.467°N 30.733°E / 46.467; 30.733) on terraced hills overlooking a small harbor on the Black Sea in the Gulf of Odessa, approximately 31 km (19 mi) north of the estuary of the Dniester river and some 443 km (275 mi) south of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv. [citation needed], These authors and comedians played a great role in establishing the "Odessa myth" in the Soviet Union. The first car in the Russian Empire, a Mercedes-Benz belonging to V. Navrotsky, came to Odessa from France in 1891. One section of the troops came under command of a Spaniard in Russian service, Major General José de Ribas (known in Russia as Osip Mikhailovich Deribas); today, the main street in Odessa, Deribasivska Street, is named after him. His contributions to the city are mentioned by Mark Twain in his travelogue Innocents Abroad: "I mention this statue and this stairway because they have their story. The city's best-known and most prestigious university is the Odessa 'I.I. Before the Tsarist establishment of Odessa, an ancient Greek settlement existed at its location. Through most of the 19th century and until the mid 20th century, the largest ethnic group in Odessa was Russians, with the second largest ethnic group being Jews.[49]. [71], Mikhail Zhvanetsky, writer, satirist and performer best known for his shows targeting different aspects of the Soviet and post-Soviet everyday life is one of most famous living Odessans. The film was made at Odessa's Cinema Factory, one of the oldest cinema studios in the former Soviet Union. This created a gigantic complicated labyrinth of tunnels beneath Odessa, known as "Odessa Catacombs". Russian conquest of Sanjak of Özi (Ochacov Oblast), Renaming of the settlement and establishment of sea port, Historical ethnic and national composition. [12] On Italian navigational maps of 14th century on the place of Odessa is indicated the castle of Ginestra, at the time the center of a colony of the Republic of Genoa (more Gazaria). "Ukrainian Municipal Survey, March 2–20, 2015", "Демоскоп Weekly – Приложение. The modern building was constructed by Fellner and Helmer in neo-baroque; its luxurious hall was built in the rococo style. Since middle of the 13th century the city's territory belonged to the Golden Horde domain. In early autumn the weather is comfortable as well, and Odessa is well worth a visit. Some local historians consider that the settlement predates Odessa by about thirty years and assert that the locality was founded by Moldavians who came to build the fortress of Yeni Dunia for the Ottomans and eventually settled in the area in the late 1760s, right next to the settlement of Khadjibey (since 1795 Odessa proper), on what later became the Primorsky Boulevard. [34][35] Internal Affairs Ministry advisor Zorian Shkiryak said on 25 December that Odessa and Kharkiv had become "cities which are being used to escalate tensions" in Ukraine. The Odessan Jew in the jokes always "came out clean" and was, in the end, a lovable character – unlike some of other jocular nation stereotypes such as The Chukcha, The Ukrainian, The Estonian or The American.[67]. During the Russian-Turkish War of 1787–1792,[12] on 25 September 1789, a detachment of the Russian forces, including Zaporozhian Cossacks under Alexander Suvorov and Ivan Gudovich, took Khadjibey and Yeni Dünya for the Russian Empire. Other Odessites are the duo Ilf and Petrov - authors of "The Twelve chairs", and Yuri Olesha - author of "The Three Fat Men". Weather forecast up to 14 days including temperature, weather condition and precipitation and much more. The first opera house was opened in 1810 and destroyed by fire in 1873. (These others were Leningrad, Stalingrad, and Sevastopol). Average Weather during August in Odessa (Odessa Region), Ukraine. Copyrights, Climate and annual weather in Odessa 2020, February 1929 (Average temperature: -11℃), Majorca – The diamond of the balearic islands, Book the best hotels in Odessa - in partnership with, Compare hotel rates in Odessa and save up to 80%, Long-term 30 day weather forecast for Odessa, Water Temperature in localities in Odessa. [48], Despite Odessa's Ukrainian majority, Russian is the dominant language in the city. Nearby stood the military barracks and the country houses (dacha) of the city's wealthy residents, including that of the Duc de Richelieu, appointed by Tzar Alexander I as Governor of Odessa in 1803. After planning by the official architects who designed buildings in Odessa's central district, such as the Italians Francesco Carlo Boffo and Giovanni Torricelli, Moldovanka was included in the general city plan, though the original grid-like plan of Moldovankan streets, lanes and squares remained unchanged.[17]. The total shoreline length of Odessa's sea port is around 7.23 kilometres (4.49 mi). There are paintings from Caravaggio, Mignard, Hals, Teniers and Del Piombo. In 1819, the city became a free port, a status it retained until 1859. The theatre was projected along the lines of Dresden's Semperoper built in 1878, with its nontraditional foyer following the curvatures of the auditorium; the building's most recent renovation was completed in 2007.[59]. –, Buildings for Music, Michael Forsythe, Cambridge University Press, p. 344, uniquely accented dialect of Russian spoken in the city, Odessa 'I.I. Snowfall In Odessa snow does not fall in May through September. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. The composer Jacob Weinberg (1879–1956) was born in Odessa. They include: Illya Mechnikov (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1908),[80] Igor Tamm (Nobel Prize in Physics 1958), Selman Waksman (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1952), Dmitri Mendeleev, Nikolay Pirogov, Ivan Sechenov, Vladimir Filatov, Nikolay Umov, Leonid Mandelstam, Aleksandr Lyapunov, Mark Krein, Alexander Smakula, Waldemar Haffkine, Valentin Glushko, Israel Dostrovsky, and George Gamow.[81]. In the center of the park is the local top-flight football team's Chornomorets Stadium, the Alexander Column and municipal observatory. weather Odessa - Ukraine - WeatherOnline. Warm, sunny months for a trip to Odessa. [38] Also a potential danger to the infrastructure and architecture of the city is the presence of multiple openings underground. [18], In their settlement, also known as Novaya Slobodka, the Moldavians owned relatively small plots on which they built village-style houses and cultivated vineyards and gardens. During the Soviet period (until 1991) the city functioned as the USSR's largest trading port; it continues in a similar role as independent Ukraine's busiest international port. Find the most current and reliable 14 day weather forecasts, storm alerts, reports and information for Odessa, UA with The Weather Network. Zhvanetsky's and Kartsev's success in the 1970s, along with Odessa's KVN team, contributed to Odessa's established status as "capital of Soviet humor", culminating in the annual Humoryna festival, carried out around the beginning of April. It is owned by local land and agriculture tycoon Viktor A. Dobriansky and three partners of his. [73] [12] Since 1795, the city had its own city magistrate, and since 1796 a city council of six members and the Odessa Commodity Exchange. As a part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, the city preserved and somewhat reinforced its unique cosmopolitan mix of Russian/Ukrainian/Jewish culture and a predominantly Russophone environment with the uniquely accented dialect of Russian spoken in the city. In 1794, the city of Odessa was founded by a decree of the Russian empress Catherine the Great. The amount of rain in August is normal with an average of 34mm (1.3in). [citation needed] This is a large sandy beach which is located to the south of the city centre. [74][75] The port of Odessa is also one of the Ukrainian Navy's most important bases on the Black Sea. What is the hottest temperature ever recorded in Odessa? [16] With the establishment of the Voznesensk Governorate on 27 January 1795, the Vorstadt was named Tiraspol.[16]. Practical joking is a central theme throughout, and Odessans dress in unique, colorful attire to express their spontaneous and comedic selves. No PWS. However, since Odessa is a city of regional significance, this makes the city subject directly to the administration of the oblast's authorities, thus removing it from the responsibility of the municipality. It was one of the first four Soviet cities to be awarded the title of "Hero City" in 1945. This is largely because the higher winter temperatures and coastal location of Odessa prevent significant snowfall. Weather in Odessa in July 2020. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec. [citation needed], The sleepy fishing village that Odessa had witnessed a sea-change in its fortunes when the wealthy magnate and future Voivode of Kyiv (1791), Antoni Protazy Potocki, established trade routes through the port for the Polish Black Sea Trading Company and set up the infrastructure in the 1780s. In 2015, the main language spoken at home was Russian − around 78% of the total population − followed by Ukrainian at 6%, and an equal combination of Ukrainian and Russian, 15%.[48]. [60] A similar streetscape can also be found in that of Primorsky Bulvar, a grand thoroughfare which runs along the edge of the plateau upon which the city is situated, and where many of the city's most imposing buildings are to be found. Georgi Rosenblum, who was employed by William Melville as one of the first spies of the British Secret Service Bureau, was a native Odessan. The average elevation at which the city is located is around 50 metres (160 feet), while the maximum is 65 metres (213 feet) and minimum (on the coast) amounts to 4.2 metres (13.8 feet) above sea level. The cyclist and aviator Sergei Utochkin was one of the most famous natives of Odessa in the years before the Russian Revolution. Summers on the other hand do see an increased level of precipitation, and the city often experiences warm weather with temperatures often reaching into the high 20s and low 30s. With a staff of 1,200 (mostly guards and janitors), the market is also the region's largest employer. Yuri Siritsov, bass player of the Israeli Metal band PallaneX is originally from Odessa. In the regular meetings of the municipal council, problems facing the city are discussed, and annually the city's budget is drawn up. It was named after the ancient Greek city of Odessos, which was mistakenly believed to have been located here. The nearly ice-free port lies near the mouths of the Dnieper, the Southern Bug, the Dniester and the Danube rivers, which provide good links to the hinterland. Odessa is situated (46°28′N 30°44′E / 46.467°N 30.733°E ) on terraced hills overlooking a small harbor on the Black Sea in the Gulf of Odessa, approximately 31 km (19 mi) north of the estuary of the Dniester river and some 443 km (275 mi) south of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv. Richelieu played a role during Ottoman plague epidemic which hit Odessa in the autumn 1812. As a result, despite the events of 1941, the survival of the Jewish population in this area was higher than in other areas of occupied eastern Europe. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around 0°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora. On 1 January 2000, the Quarantine Pier at Odessa Commercial Sea Port was declared a free port and free economic zone for a period of 25 years. The economy of Odessa largely stems from its traditional role as a port city. The city has produced many writers, including Isaac Babel, whose series of short stories, Odessa Tales, are set in the city. Agriculture is a relatively important sector in the territories surrounding the city. Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine Weather Calendar star_ratehome. to the high level of service and the quality of services. These routes were both operated by the same Belgian company. [42] Up until the early 1940s the city had a large Jewish population. The city's Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy is one of the world's leading ophthalmology clinics. 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