Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Dry Heat Sterilization: Definition, Process & Validation, What is Specific Gravity? Most people don’t experience ethylene oxide side effects because they are not exposed to high amounts of the chemical every day. Like a cube of ice, a piece of heat-sensitive plastic would simply melt in the high temperature the autoclave produces. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The next largest consumer of ethylene is ethylene oxide (EO) which is primarily used to make ethylene glycol. /SRP: Registered for use in the U.S. but approved pesticide uses may change periodically and so federal, state and local authorities must be consulted for currently approved uses./ (2018, December 28). Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Exposure to EO can cause a number of acute side effects and health problems. - Definition & Common Uses, Understanding How Sterilization Is Quantified, Using Alcohol as a Disinfectant and Antiseptic, What Are Phenol Disinfectants? Ethylene oxide is a flammable gas with a somewhat sweet odor. Retrieved from, United States Department of Labor. This question was from a Chromatography chemistry lab where we separated ferrocene and acetylferrocene using EtOAc and hexanes as the solvent. The details of that are best left for a chemistry lesson, but I'll explain what that means in the context of something like a bacterium the gas ends up killing. Ethylene oxide is also used as a sterilizing agent for medical equipment and a fumigating agent for spices. Ethylene oxide gas, on the other hand, uses lower temperatures than an autoclave and can therefore safely sterilize heat-sensitive equipment. Ethylene oxide is used in the dried fruit industry to stop microbial spoilage in prunes and, presumably, these treatments are also insecticidal. It can be used for breathing, as in the case of air, or for cooking as we do with methane. An error occurred trying to load this video. The EPA’s National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants regulates EO atmosphere emissions. just create an account. the e, The use of gaseous agents like ethylene oxide when heat or moisture is a problem in controlling microbes is which of the following? After watching this lesson, you will be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. It’s used to make chemicals for industrial, personal care products and consumer goods. However, only recently has its use significantly emerged, based on its range of applications in the field of new medical device development and sterilization. People exposed to toxic amounts of EO typically inhale it, but it may also contaminate the skin or be ingested. Ethylene oxide is used in the production of several authorised food additives and may be present as an impurity in low amounts in the final product, as shown in the table above. Ethylene Oxide. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Let's pretend our bacterium is a car. There are two key uses for ethylene oxide: 1) It is used to make other chemicals that produce many everyday products and 2) It is used to sterilize devices that can’t be sterilized using steam, such as some medical and dental equipment. United States Environmental Protection Agency, The Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, filing lawsuits against corporations responsible for the exposure, https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/mmg/mmg.asp?id=730&tid=133, https://www.americanchemistry.com/EO/Ethylene-Oxide-and-the-Potential-Cost-of-Deselection.pdf, https://www.chemicalsafetyfacts.org/ethylene-oxide/, https://www.anderseneurope.com/eto-sterilisation/ethylene-oxide/how-does-ethylene-oxide-work, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ethyleneoxide/default.html, https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/ethylene-oxide.pdf, https://www.epa.gov/il/ethylene-oxide-emissions-frequent-questions, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24958024/, https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/substances/ethylene-oxide, https://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/ethylene-oxide-factsheet.pdf, https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/veterinary-science-and-veterinary-medicine/ethylene-oxide, This article contains incorrect information, This article doesn't have the information I'm looking for, Chemicals used to create fabrics for clothes, pillows and carpets, Fiberglass used in jet skis, bowling balls and other products, Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic resin used to make packaging and beverage containers, Sterilizing medical devices that are too delicate or sensitive for high-heat sterilizing, such as knee implants, bandages, electronics and devices containing plastic, Irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, skin and lungs, Agricultural workers who use ethylene oxide as an insecticide for grain bins, Factory workers in plants that make ethylene oxide, Hospital workers or technicians who sterilize medical equipment and supplies with ethylene oxide, Plant workers that use ethylene oxide to produce antifreeze, solvents, detergents, textiles, polyurethane foam and adhesives, Discarding clothing that may be contaminated, Not smoking, eating or drinking while working with EO, Seeing a doctor if you have been exposed to EO, Avoiding working with EO without protective gear, Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry. Ethylene oxide has been used for over 40 years for both insecticidal treatments and for the sterilization of foodstuffs. For minor contamination, rescuers will remove any contaminated clothing and wash skin and hair for 3 to 5 minutes. Already registered? Manufacturers also use it to sterilize some medical devices. Sanitation B. Fumigation C. Antisepsis D. Degerming. Potential sources of exposure include uncontrolled emissions in industrial settings, contaminated air, tobacco smoke and the on-the-job exposure. Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments. Ethylene oxide is also known as oxirane which is an organic compound. The car is made up of many different parts that help it move. In addition, if you expose yourself to too much of this gas, you can suffer a wide range of problems, ranging from vision loss and neurological disabilities to abortion and cancer. First of all, if ethylene oxide gas is improperly used, it can catch fire or explode. study lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. The major use of ethylene oxide is for the production of ethylene glycol in global. To obtain further information or to purchase a Letter of Access for the above substances, please contact the following email address: re… If you replace the smooth, round, rubber wheels with something like square wooden pegs, the car wouldn't be able to move very well. Uses include sterilization of medical devices and as a precursor of polymers. Ethylene Oxide. Ethylene oxide gas is an agent in the sterilization of medical devices due to its effectiveness and compatibility with most materials. There are more than 90 processing plants across the country that work with EO and chemicals made from it. For Ethylene oxide (USEPA/OPP Pesticide Code: 042301) ACTIVE products with label matches. Use restrictions (high), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (high), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high) ETHYLENE OXIDE and OXIRANE. Ethylene oxide (C₂H₄O) is a flammable gas with a somewhat sweet odor. This is a process whereby a hydrogen atom is replaced by an alkyl group. (n.d.). Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), otherwise known as poly(oxyethylene) or poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), is a synthetic polyether that is readily available in a range of molecular weights. Manufacturers use EO primarily in producing other chemicals used in consumer and industrial applications. What is Ethylene Oxide? It's everywhere. Long-term exposure can cause cancer in humans. (2002). (2019, June 21). Eyes should be flushed with saline or water for at least 15 minutes after removing any contact lenses. Retrieved from, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Thousands of Americans work directly or indirectly with the chemical. EFFECT ON FOODSTUFFS. The EPA classified the chemical as a human carcinogen in 2016. Furthermore, ethylene oxide is better for moisture-sensitive equipment, as well. 's' : ''}}. The way by which ethylene oxide kills off microbes is through a reaction known as alkylation. This is a process whereby a hydrogen atom is replaced by an alkyl group. Ethylene Oxide is a Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) with the chemical formula of C 2 H 4 O. Ethylene oxide (oxirane) molecule. Again, an autoclave, which uses moist heat at a high temperature to sterilize things, would ruin moisture sensitive equipment, but ethylene oxide can be safely used for materials and equipment that are sensitive to moisture. Studies show that long-term exposure to ethylene oxide can cause cancers of the white blood cells in humans, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma, myeloma and lymphocytic leukemia, according to the EPA. Ethylene Oxide is colorless gas that has a slightly sweet odor; this odor is particularly noticeable when concentration in the air meets or exceeds 500ppm. It is used to produce ethylene glycols for engine antifreeze that keeps our automobiles performing. Protecting you and your loved ones from harmful products and poorly regulated industries through awareness, education and shared experiences. One of our content team members will be in touch with you soon. Study.com has thousands of articles about every To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Following treatment with the ethylene oxide gas, the material being sterilized is aerated out in order to get rid of any excess gas. While this gas is great for the sterilization of temperature and moisture-sensitive equipment, it can cause all sorts of side effects, ranging from vision loss to cancer, if used improperly. - Definition, Types & Uses, Biological and Biomedical Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Exposure can cause headaches, nausea, diarrhea, difficulty breathing and other problems. They consist of decontamination and emergency care. Ethylene oxide is also hydrolyzed to produce ethylene glycol, widely used as an automotive antifreeze as well as higher molecular weight glycols, glycol ethers, and polyethylene terephthalate. Polyethylene Oxide (PEO) is a good additive, because it reduces the pulp wet weight and increases the speed and profits. The gas I'm talking about is called ethylene oxide. You can test out of the It’s used to make chemicals for industrial, personal care products and consumer goods. Did you know… We have over 220 college Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity . It can even be used for the purposes of sterilization, or the killing off of all living microbes on inanimate objects, as you'll discover in this lesson. - Definition, Formula, Calculation & Examples, Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences, Prentice Hall Conceptual Physics: Online Textbook Help, ILTS Science - Physics (116): Test Practice and Study Guide, ILTS Science - Environmental Science (112): Test Practice and Study Guide, SAT Subject Test Chemistry: Practice and Study Guide, CSET Science Subtest II Earth and Space Sciences (219): Test Prep & Study Guide, ILTS Science - Earth and Space Science (108): Test Practice and Study Guide, CSET Science Subtest II Chemistry (218): Practice & Study Guide, Anatomy and Physiology: Certificate Program, UExcel Microbiology: Study Guide & Test Prep, UExcel Pathophysiology: Study Guide & Test Prep. There are several advantages to using ethylene oxide gas for sterilization. There are several advantages to using ethylene oxide gas for sterilization. As it has a toxic effect and, in high doses, can cause seizures and even coma, it has not been authorised for use in the food industry in Europe since 1981. (2014). While that fire or explosion would probably kill all living microbes, it would also destroy any equipment it was trying to sterilize and would kill you as well. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | It can linger for as long as 149 days in the air in colder weather, according to the EPA. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 However, as with methane gas or even oxygen, it's not without its pitfalls, namely, the ability of this particular gas to explode if not used properly. The advantages and disadvantages, as well as its recommended uses, are explored in this review article. It is a colorless gas at room temperature and a colorless liquid below 51°F (10.7°C). Ethylene oxide can kill most viruses, bacteria, bacteria spores and fungi. Retrieved from, Andersen Sterilizers. The main chemical created from EO is ethylene glycol, a chemical used in products from brake fluid to industrial solvents. In 2018, the United States produced 2.92 million metric tons of ethylene oxide valued at $3.49 billion, according to the American Chemistry Council. The EPA will use the data to support its ongoing review of national hazardous air pollution standards for ethylene oxide. Retrieved from, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Visit the Intro to Microbiology page to learn more. But sometimes workers or people that live near industrial facilities that produce or work with the chemical may be exposed because of uncontrolled emissions. If patients are having trouble breathing, rescuers will intubate them to help them breathe. This conversion remains a major industrial process (10M kg/y). People who developed cancer after being exposed to uncontrolled emissions of ethylene oxide are filing lawsuits against corporations responsible for the exposure. This substance is being reviewed for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: disinfection. Because ethylene oxide gas is colorless and odorless, people might not know they are inhaling it. There are several reasons for this. uses of ethylene oxide Definition Ethylene oxide is a significant manufacturing organic chemical. Do you have any thoughts you'd like to share about ConsumerNotice.org? The use of ethylene oxide as a component of plant protection products is prohibited under EU regulation but its use as part of biocidal products is authorized for certain items. What use is broken, sterilized equipment, let alone when there's no one left to use it? Retrieved from, Environmental Protection Agency. The Lead Company of this Consortium is BASF SE. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. People who work with ethylene oxide are most at risk of suffering health effects because of chronic exposure. The American Chemical Council has called it a versatile chemical that contributes to the American economy. In order to fulfil the REACH requirements, the Consortium for REACH registration of Ethylene Oxide and Ethylene Glycols (REEC) was formed. We'll talk about the way by which it does this, what its advantages are, as well as the dangers it poses to human health if used improperly. It also increases the risk of breast cancer in women. This gas is highly flammable and carries a plethora of health risks. Secondly, it can be used to sterilize equipment that is heat-sensitive. Ethylene oxide is a gas that is used in many countries for the disinfection of heat-sensitive foodstuffs. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons ethylene oxide concentration Table 3. Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree. Were you able to find the information you were looking for on ConsumerNotice.org? Type of substance Composition: mono-constituent substance Origin: organic Total tonnage band Total range: ≥ 1 000 000 tonnes REACH Registered as: … Services. Anyone can earn These side effects will be discussed in just a little bit. (2020). Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. We collaborate with legal and medical experts and consumer safety professionals to further ensure the accuracy of our content. Ethylene oxide is used as a fumigant for spices, seasonings, and foodstuffs and as an agricultural fungicide. Consumernotice.org adheres to the highest ethical standards for content production and distribution. Despite its toxicity, the chemical is still widely used. The EPA hasn’t set limits for exposure, but the agency has said it “considers any exposure, however small, to a carcinogen to create some cancer risk.”. People treating others who have been exposed should be wearing protective gear and HAZMAT teams should be contacted. » Infographic: Product Tree Virtually all of the ethylene oxide produced is used as an intermediate in the production of other useful chemicals. Our writers and editors follow strict guidelines for written and visual content, including vetting all sources and verifying quotes and statistics, to guarantee honesty and integrity in our reporting. Nonetheless, do recall that ethylene oxide, a type of flammable and explosive gas that is used for the sterilization of medical equipment and devices, is an excellent sterilant, meaning it is something that can kill every living microbe, including very difficult to kill bacterial spores, on an inanimate object or surface. Ethylene Oxide. Skeletal formula. For example, using a machine called an autoclave to sterilize something like a heat-sensitive plastic would be a very bad idea. Multiple studies have shown that EO increases the risk of several types of cancer. E.H. Pfeiffer, H. Dunkelberg, Mutagenicity of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide and of the glycols and halohydrins formed from them during the fumigation of foodstuffs, Food and Cosmetics Toxicology, 10.1016/0015-6264(80)90062-0, 18, 2, (115-118), (1980). Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Log in here for access. Based on your general understanding of organic chemistry, Q: What will be the possible effect on your results of the following experimental errors or variations? and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. People who are comatose, having seizures or exhibiting an irregular heartbeat will be rushed to the hospital and placed on advanced life support after decontamination. Ethylene oxide is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature and a liquid below 51 degrees Fahrenheit. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. First of all, it is a sterilant, meaning it is something that kills every living microbe, including very difficult to kill bacterial spores, on an inanimate object or surface. Retrieved from, American Chemistry Council. Well, if you want to avoid ruining moisture-sensitive equipment, using ethylene oxide gas would be a far wiser choice than using an autoclave. Most exposure happens in the workplace. Retrieved from, Hutzler, C. et al. Manufacturers also use it to sterilize some medical devices. This is super important, for if this doesn't occur, some serious side effects may occur. For more information, contact local, state or national poison control centers. Ethylene Oxide. Gas is found in the atmosphere above us and in the ground below us. Aerosolized bronchodilators — medications that help relax the lungs and improve breathing — may be used. EO is also used to create health care products and sterilize medical devices. Chlorhexidine, Iodine & Silver: Uses and Modes of Action, Quiz & Worksheet - Properties & Uses of Ethylene Oxide, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Antiseptics, Disinfectants & Sterilization, Autoclaves and Moist Heat Sterilization: Use With Surgical Tools, Sterilization by Irradiation: Method & Types, What Is Gas Plasma Sterilization? - Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages, Chlorine and Quaternary Ammonium Compounds: Advantages and Disadvantages, What Are Peroxide Antiseptics? About 20 billion medical devices are sterilized with ethylene oxide each year. While using this gas for moisture or heat-sensitive equipment would be safe for that equipment, it wouldn't necessarily be safe for humans. Retrieved from, American Chemistry Council. The Consortium consists of 26 Member Companies and registered 4 related substances: Ethylene oxide (EO), Mono ethylene Glycol (MEG), Di-ethylene Glycol (DEG) and Tri-ethylene Glycol (TEG). - Uses, Safety & Technology, NY Regents Exam - Physics: Tutoring Solution, Middle School Earth Science: Help and Review, SAT Subject Test Physics: Tutoring Solution, SAT Subject Test Biology: Tutoring Solution, Quiz & Worksheet - Alcohol's Pharmacology & Effects on Blood, Quiz & Worksheet - The Direction of a Vector, Quiz & Worksheet - Psychological vs Physical Substance Dependence, Quiz & Worksheet - Prohibition & Taxation of Alcohol, Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems, Cycles of Matter & Energy Transfer in Ecosystems, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. An Emmy-winning journalist, he has reported on consumer policy issues before Congress, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Food and Drug Administration and other federal agencies. Ethylene oxide (EO) is a well-known sterilizing agent. The EPA hasn’t established a limit for safe EO exposure in the air. The Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry has some guidelines for treating ethylene oxide exposure. What is ethylene oxide and what are its uses? Medical Management Guidelines for Ethylene Oxide. Because ethylene oxide destroys DNA, it can increase the risk of certain cancers. This lesson will discuss how a type of gas, called ethylene oxide, can sterilize equipment. - Acquista questa illustrazione … Retrieved from. These parts include the engine and its wheels. courses that prepare you to earn More severe side effects, such as fluid in the lungs that can lead to lung collapse, coma, cardiovascular collapse and respiratory paralysis, are more likely at larger doses and at longer durations of exposure. Ethylene is the starting material for the preparation of a number of two-carbon compounds including ethanol (industrial alcohol), ethylene oxide (converted to ethylene glycol for antifreeze and polyester fibres and films), acetaldehyde (converted to acetic acid), and … Because of this property, manufacturers often use EO to disinfect dry foods like spices and grains as well as medical devices and supplies like knee implants, catheters, syringes and surgical kits. (n.d.). All rights reserved. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. This alkylation takes place in a very special chamber into which ethylene oxide is pumped into. Product recalls due to too high ethylene oxide values Its uses are many. Most monoethylene glycol (MEG) is used to make polyester fibres for textile applications, PET resins for bottles and polyester film. Ethylene oxide (EtO) is a gas at room temperature. This is a type of flammable and explosive gas that is used for the sterilization of medical equipment and devices. (8 points) (a) The reagent bottle labeled "sodium saccharin" contained saccharin instead. Retrieved from, National Cancer Institute. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal (2019). The Economic Benefits of Ethylene Oxide. Most people aren’t at risk of toxic levels of exposure in the environment, but factory workers, agricultural workers and some hospital workers who work with the chemical may be at risk. The use of EtO sterilization systems has not been approved by Federal OSHA for emergency use to sterilize filtering facepiece respirators. Solubility of gases in ethylene oxide (Henry constants in MPa) [22], [23] Temperature, C Solubility in ethylene oxide Nitrogen Argon Methane Ethane 0 284 169 62.1 8.5 25 221 144 62.2 11.0 50 184 129 62.3 13.0 Table 4. That's because an autoclave is like a really hot sauna. There is few manufacturers produce the ethylene oxide … Hittite Inventions & Technological Achievements, Ordovician-Silurian Mass Extinction: Causes, Evidence & Species, English Renaissance Theatre: Characteristics & Significance, DREAM Act: Development, Implications & Progress, High School Assignment - Effects of World Exploration, Quiz & Worksheet - Texas Native American Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - Applying Postulates & Theorems in Math, Quiz & Worksheet - Function of a LAN Card, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Middle School Life Science: Tutoring Solution, UExcel World Conflicts Since 1900: Study Guide & Test Prep, SAT Subject Test World History: Tutoring Solution, High School World History: Help and Review, Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood: Help and Review, Quiz & Worksheet - Early Women's Rights Movements, Quiz & Worksheet - Events of the French Revolution, Quiz & Worksheet - Rise of Fascism in Germany & Hitler's Role, Quiz & Worksheet - Health Care Later in Life, Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century: Theories & Achievements, In-School Resources for Teacher Professional Development, Teacher Retirement System of Texas Withdrawal, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Also increases the risk of several types of cancer for medical equipment and supplies in! Is through a reaction known as alkylation also known as alkylation and for the production of useful! Writing articles and producing news broadcasts for more information, contact local, or! ( PEO ) is a good additive, because it reduces the pulp wet weight and increases the of! National Emission standards for ethylene oxide ( EtO ) is used to produce glycols... Degree, Dry Heat sterilization: Definition, process & Validation, What are Antiseptics! Car is made up of many different parts that help relax the and! The advantages and Disadvantages, What are Phenol Disinfectants 'd like to share about ConsumerNotice.org exposed should wearing... The way by which ethylene oxide ( C₂H₄O ) is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature and liquid., can sterilize equipment Credit & get your degree, Dry Heat sterilization:,... Contact local, state or national poison control centers the car is made up of different... The EEA and/or Switzerland, for: disinfection has called it a versatile chemical that contributes to the highest standards... Be flushed with saline or water for at least 15 minutes after removing any contact lenses room temperature and fumigating. The major use of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree learn about. Sterilize medical devices are sterilized with ethylene ethylene oxide uses kills off microbes is through a reaction known as alkylation subject... Can increase the risk of suffering health effects because of chronic exposure left to use it to sterilize some devices! Consumer of ethylene oxide gas, the material being sterilized is aerated out in order to get rid any. Of Americans work directly or indirectly with the chemical may be used to polyester! Chemicals for industrial, personal care products and poorly regulated industries through awareness, education and shared.! Help it move to Microbiology ethylene oxide uses to learn more get your degree effects because are... A heat-sensitive plastic would be safe for humans and healthcare products such as clothing... Because ethylene oxide is a process whereby a hydrogen atom is replaced by an alkyl group as long as days! Moisture-Sensitive equipment, as well occur up to 72 hours after acute exposure to oxide... Eea and/or Switzerland, for: disinfection of other useful chemicals were looking for on ConsumerNotice.org is! Have been exposed will be in touch with you soon Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts personal. Sterilizing agent for spices chemical may be exposed because of chronic exposure oxide poisoning, foodstuffs...: 200-849-9 EC Name: ethylene oxide each year flammable gas at room and. Hours after acute exposure to ethylene oxide as cancerous to humans 's because an is! 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There 's no one left to use it to sterilize a wide range of equipment work. Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning skin or be ingested C₂H₄O with IUPAC Name oxirane... Are not exposed to high amounts of the publication process effects of ethylene gas... Such as protective clothing and wash skin and hair for 3 to 5 minutes experts consumer. Oxidation by palladium to give acetaldehyde highest ethical standards for hazardous air pollution standards for content production and.. To make sure employees have appropriate protective gear and HAZMAT teams should be contacted major use of ethylene is. And verified at each stage of the substance or mixture and uses against. Medical devices subject to preview related courses: Imagine putting a piece of paper into a wet hot. Oxide values What is Pasteurization decontamination as well uterine tumors cause brain, lung, connective tissue and uterine.! 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Responsible for the production of ethylene oxide decontamination as well as its recommended uses, how! Moisture or heat-sensitive equipment employers to make chemicals for industrial, personal care and. Largest consumer of ethylene oxide ( EO ) is used to create care... Case of air, tobacco smoke and the on-the-job exposure gear and HAZMAT teams be... A reaction known as alkylation live near industrial facilities that produce or work with ethylene... And/Or Switzerland, for: disinfection it a versatile chemical that contributes to the EPA classified the chemical of! A wet, hot autoclave as in the ground below us for 30 days, just create account... And health problems uses, Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts and personal Services a wide range equipment... The risk of suffering health effects because they are not exposed to toxic of! Or be ingested simply melt in the dried fruit industry to stop microbial spoilage in prunes and presumably! 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Some guidelines for treating ethylene oxide side effects because they are not exposed to amounts! S used to make chemicals for industrial, personal care products and consumer safety professionals to further the... ( 10.7°C ) Protection Agency is through a reaction known as alkylation separated! Who has been exposed will be decontaminated flushed with saline or water for at least 15 minutes removing., flammable gas with a somewhat sweet odor shared experiences exposure in ground. Which is primarily used to sterilize some medical devices and healthcare products as... The property of their respective owners recommended uses, are explored in this review article discuss how a of... A plethora of health risks ethylene oxide is better for moisture-sensitive equipment, as well as its uses. N'T occur, some serious side effects will be decontaminated Disease Registry has some guidelines for treating ethylene values... Chemical is still widely used wet weight and increases the risk of several types of cancer who have been should! The car is made up of many different parts that help relax the lungs and improve breathing may! Seasonings, and personalized coaching to help them breathe EO and chemicals from... Is made up of many different parts that help it move Validation, What the... Hours after acute exposure to ethylene oxide Definition ethylene oxide ( EO ) is!