© Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Another, shorter name for a Dieffenbachia plant is Dieff, and its often used because its easier to spell. Avoiding overhead watering to keep foliage dry, which helps prevent this problem. You can also subscribe without commenting. Why Has My Split-Leaf Philodendron Stopping Growing? Pruning out new top growth like this will encourage your plant to grow bushier, and stay more compact. The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. And be sure to use a fast draining soilless mix for rooting cuttings, rather than regular potting soil. A variety of different dumb cane (dieffenbachia) types. Excess plant food causes brown leaf … Well, there’s a reason for that funny name! Native to Mexico and the West Indies down to Argentina, dumb cane has become common, classic houseplant. Yes! You don’t need to worry about repotting your dumb cane very often, they really don’t need to be repotted until they become pot-bound. Here are my tips for how to prune dieffenbachia…. Reed was editor of the "Grand Ledge Independent" weekly newspaper and a Capitol Hill reporter for the national newsletter "Corporate & Foundation Grants Alert." Though they originate from the tropics, they make excellent houseplants because they can easily adapt to growing indoors. 40+ Dieffenbachia Leaves Turning Yellow And Brown Background - Hello friend Dieffenbachia Flower, In the article that you read this time with the title 40+ Dieffenbachia Leaves Turning Yellow And Brown Background, we have prepared this article well for you to read and take information in it. Beautiful large dieffenbachia floor plants. It can be planted in any good quality, well-drained potting media and should be repotted as needed to allow for best growth. Dust the leaves regularly by gently dusting them with a small brush or feather duster. She has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Michigan State University, is an avid gardener and volunteers at her local botanical garden. Clemson University Extension: Dieffenbachia, University of Florida Mid-Florida Research and Education Center: Dieffenbachia Production Guide, Penn State Extension: Dieffenbachia Diseases, University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service: Diffenbachia Maculata 'Rudolf Roehrs', Causes of Crisping Leaves in Rex Begonias. Pot Does Matter It can grow as tall as 10 feet. The disease is promoted by over-fertilization. Brown spots and yellowing leaves can come from a number of causes related to the care you give your dumb cane. According to the ASPCA website, dieffenbachia is toxic to cats and dogs. Well guess what, the dumb cane houseplant (Dieffenbachia) is one of the easiest! Dieffenbachia is the scientific name for the plant, and Dumb Cane is the common name. Excess water can cause its leaves to go yellow and brown and eventually cause the plant’s death, which is something you wouldn’t want for sure. A soapy water spray is also very good for controlling most types of bugs. i water once a week at a bright south window, no fertilize. A general houseplant fertilizer from spring through early fall keeps the plant growing well. During winter months – DO NOT allow the soil to dry out completely and DO NOT fertilize! The entire leaf can collapse when the spots enlarge enough to hit a vein. Direct sun will cause their leaves to fade or burn. If you can’t find the answer you’re looking for after reading through the post and these FAQs, then ask your question in the comments below, and I’ll answer it as soon as I can. Dieffenbachia prefers diffused sunlight or partial shade, but will tolerate full shade, which is why it is well-suited as a houseplant. Gorgeous dieffenbachia indoor plant with bright green leaves. Rather than watering your plant on a set schedule, you should always check the soil to figure out when it needs water. Dumb cane is a really weird name for a plant, right? The dumb cane got the name because there is a chemical in the sap that can cause temporary loss of speech if any part of the plant is chewed or eaten. Regular pruning is the only way to keep them compact and bushy. Just make sure you check the soil before watering by sticking your finger about an inch into the dirt. It’s a perennial plant and most cultivars have white speckles on the leaves, though not all cultivars have this feature. Reply:do what just me says and dont do it again natural is pure learn to take care of what you have. Like I said, it can be grown outdoors in your shade garden, but must be protected from cold there too. Follow the directions below for fertilizing dumb cane plants. Brown leaf tips / Water forming on leaf tips Like Pothos, the Dumb Cane is a real crier. Brown spots and yellowing leaves can come from a number of causes related to the care you give your dumb cane. Dieffenbachia care may seem a bit overwhelming at first. Check the soil to make sure it is dry an inch down before watering the dieffenbachia plant. If you find bugs on your dieffenbachia, then start treating the plant right away using organic pest control methods. These are tiny insects that suck sap from the leaves. Why Do Philodendrons Make Excellent House Plants? And like I said, they will get leggy much faster without adequate lighting. I live and garden in Minneapolis, MN (zone 4b). Common Dieffenbachia Diseases. So, if you have pets or small children around, then it’s best to treat dumb cane as you would any of your other poisonous houseplants, and keep it out of reach. Learn how to repot houseplants here. Dumb cane is prone to several bacterial and fungal diseases resulting in brown spots and yellowing leaves. Plant the dumbcane in a well-draining soil and water lightly, keeping the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. But don’t prune them during the winter, wait until early spring, otherwise it can trigger weak new growth. So if you choose to grow this plant, then be sure to keep it out of reach of children and pets. Dieffenbachia ‘Seguine’ Dieffenbachia ‘seguine’ is an ornamental houseplant that has a cane-like … Dieffenbachia's preference for relatively high humidity makes it a great option for Florida. Mealybugs look like white cotton on the plant, and thrips are tiny bugs with arrow shaped black bodies. Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) leaves most commonly turn yellow due to overwatering, but other causes include lighting problems, temperature extremes, low humidity, pests or nutrient deficiency. In fact, repotting a plant just for the sake of aesthetics, or simply because you feel it should be part of your regular dieffenbachia care routine are the wrong reasons. The stem will grow new leaves right below the cut. However, if several leaves are yellowing at the same time, or they aren’t the bottom leaves, then something may be wrong. Reply:Usually happens if the air is too dry...and give them plenty of water, but it only takes one dry day to wither the points on these plants. Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. If you don’t have a bright room to grow your dumb cane, then you could add a small grow light to help keep the plant from growing too leggy. I’ve also heard of people successfully rooting dieffenbachia in water, though I’ve never tried it myself. Catch the problem early enough, and you can wash the plants down periodically with insecticidal soap or horticultural oil to eliminate the pests. So, once the soil no longer feels damp, then it’s time to water. its winter now, I thought that they go dormant indoors, but it looks like I have to repot to a larger container. The new leaves never open or mature. Putting them next to a sunny window where they will get lots of natural light (but no direct sun) is the ideal location for them. Many different problems can cause dieffenbachia leaves to turn yellow, including disease, insect infestations and cultural problems. Brown or yellow leaves can be removed from the plant at any time, as can dead or faded flower. Instead, they turn brown and remain curled in. If you notice webbing on the leaves or leaf joints, those are spider mites. A spot next to a sunny window, or where it gets filtered sun through a curtain would be perfect. Just like any other living plant, dumb canes do require some care in order to grow their best. Dieffenbachia ‘Camille’ (Camilla) has near-white leaves with dark green edges. If very little soil is left, or the roots are circling around the bottom of the container, then it’s time to repot it. You can’t just stick it in a dark corner, pour a glass of water in the pot once and a while, maybe toss in some fertilizer if you think of it, and then expect it to stay healthy for long. This comprehensive guide will show you exactly how to grow dieffenbachia. Severely infested plants are a lost cause and should be bagged up and disposed of. To water your dieffenbachia, give it a good soaking until the water starts to run out of the drainage holes. Your email address will not be published. This will allow heavy toxins such as chlorine to evaporate while preventing root shock in younger plants. Read this detailed plant care guide to learn everything you need to know about caring for them. What’s With The Weird Dieffenbachia Common Name? I love being surrounded by plants all year round, and that’s one reason why I have a large collection of houseplants. Planted outdoors, dumb cane grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10b through 11. The key is to keep the soil moist but never soggy, and give the cutting lots of humidity. And the word “dumb” is an old slang term that was used to describe someone who can’t talk (it’s mean, I know!). Dumb canes like to be pot-bound, so don’t repot it unless it’s necessary. Allow the soil to dry out a bit between watering, but never let it get completely bone dry. When this happens, it is likely due to the fact that they are watering at the wrong times. Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) Care Guide Watering your Dieffenbachia. Rotate the plant every time you water to help prevent it from leaning to one side as its reaching for the the light. If it no longer feels damp, then it’s time to water. They thrive in bright filtered light in spring, summer and fall and bright light in winter. It’s very common for dumb canes to get tall and leggy with age, this is their normal growth habit. Over-feeding with synthetic fertilizers is a very common problem with dieffenbachia plants, and can lead to brown leaf edges and tips, among other issues. Stop adding fertilizer to the plant for a while. To encourage even growth, tur… Dieffenbachia’s lower leaves may droop and turn yellow as part of the normal growth pattern. plants should be pruned when they have shed enough of the leaves to expose the stems You’ll definitely want to dust the cut end with rooting hormone before attempting to root it. DIEFFENBACHIA PLANT CARE BASICS. But, like any houseplant, a dumb cane will definitely benefit from a being fed. Why Are The Stems and Roots Rotting On My Dieffenbachia? As you’ll see below, almost all problems you’ll have with growing dieffenbachia are caused by either incorrect watering (usually overwatering) or over-fertilizing. is a houseplant named for the toxic sap its canelike stems exude when cut or broken. Yes, they love being outside during the summer. It’s common for dumb cane to grow tall and leggy over time. Dumb canes can live for many years, and some varieties can grow to be several feet tall, creating a very large floor plants. Why Are Your Dieffenbachia Leaves Turning Yellow? See the “Dieffenbachia Watering Instructions” section above for details about watering dumb canes. It thrives in temperatures between 60 and 75°F. The dieffenbachia is beloved for its large, tropical leaves and easy adaptation to indoor environments. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. (or should I say “either”?) Since they are very common indoor plants, you should be able to find dieffenbachia plants for sale at your local garden center any time of the year. Otherwise, check out my list of pet friendly houseplants instead. Like many indoor houseplants (with the exception of most Calathea Varieties), the easiest way to water your Dieffenbachia, and keep it happy in the process, is the soak and leave method. You can even keep the top and root the stem to grow yourself a new plant (learn how to propagate dieffenbachia in the section below). deserves a role in a mystery novel. To keep dieffenbachia from growing leggy, pinch or prune out the new growth at the top regularly. Let’s know more about How to care for dieffenbachia … But … So how do you know when to repot it then? Occasionally you may find water like droplets have formed and collected on the leaf tips. Then it’s probably time for a bigger pot. Dust can clog up the pores of the leaves and make it difficult for the leaves to function. See my “Dieffenbachia Pruning Tips” above to learn how to cut back a dieffenbachia. I use a mixture of 1 tsp mild liquid soap per 1 liter of water. See “Are Dieffenbachia Plants Poisonous?” above for more information. They could even be grown in your shade garden if you live in a warm climate. Even though dieffenbachia care isn’t difficult, it’s definitely important to know the growing requirements in order to keep it alive and thriving. All kidding aside, overwatering really is the main thing you need to worry about when growing this plant. My green thumb comes from my parents, and I've been gardening most of my life. If you want to learn how to root a dieffenbachia plant, see the details in the section called “Dieffenbachia Propagation Methods”. Dieffenbachia, commonly known as dumb cane, is a gorgeous genus of tropical plants from the Araceae family. Aging. The most frustrating part of dieffenbachia care is when your plant is sick and you don’t know why. How often should I water my dieffenbachia plant? Brown tips and leaf edges could be caused by inconsistent watering, dry air, overuse of chemical fertilizer, or minerals in tap water. But don’t worry, you’ll get the hang of it in no time! The name comes from the plants toxic sap. See to the “Troubleshooting Common Dieffenbachia Problems” section above for more details. Download your copy today! People often grow dumb canes in offices and other low-light interior spaces. The sap causes the mouth and throat to swell, striking anyone unlucky enough to get some in their mouth "dumb." In order to bloom, dieffenbachia houseplants need a lot of bright, indirect light. Allow tap water to stand until room temperature. To keep dieffenbachia from growing leggy, pinch or prune out the new growth at the top regularly. The plant is favored for its ability to grow in a range of light conditions and its large, attractive leaves that may be deep green, variegated white, cream or gold with blotches, stripes or spots. However, if yours constantly has brown leaves, tips, or edges, then try running a humidifier nearby to see if that fixes the problem. You only need to worry when you experience excess yellowing or drooping of the upper leaves. If you struggle with knowing when to water your plants, then I recommend getting a soil moisture gauge. Oct 20, 2017 - Growing Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) is easy when you know how. This plant can grow quite large in the right setting (6 to 10 feet tall in its native Brazil, for example), but offers smaller sizes, too. Aside from good light, your dumb cane needs to be placed where the temperature is 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit in an area free from drafts. I like to grow a variety of them, but I especially appreciate the ones that are simple to maintain. Most dieffenbachia plants should be fed every two weeks in the summer, monthly in the spring and fall, and never in the winter. Dracaena’s are extremely sensitive to excess fluoride. Good luck! So keep that in mind as you troubleshoot your plants symptoms…. The leaves of Dumb Cane may turn brown around the edges as an indication that the plant is waterlogged. I highly recommend using an organic plant fertilizer rather than chemical ones. Though annoying, that’s the normal growth pattern of this type of plant. Dieffenbachia is one of the most popular houseplants because it lives for a long time. Brown leaf tips can be caused by a number of things. So, if you really want to see if you can get your dumb cane to bloom, then be sure to feed it. It will show you how to keep your indoor plants alive and thriving all year long! Never use chemical pesticides on indoor plant bugs because they can build up a resistance to chemicals, making problem even worse. The broad and large leaves, with intricate patterns, are showy and give a tropical feel to the place where you plant it. To prevent these setbacks, water Dumb Cane regularly with lukewarm water. Simply cut them back all the way down to the main stem. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. You dieffenbachia should be watered regularly, with soil being allowed to dry between waterings. Brown spots or patches at the margins of the leaves can be caused by over-fertilization -- the leaves can be burned by the soluble salts in the product. Dumb cane houseplants aren’t super fussy about the type of soil they’re grown in. Pruning is an important part of dieffenbachia care, it helps keep the plant tidy, grow bushier, and look healthier. They require water when the top inch of potting soil is dry; water the plant to a depth of one inch. In this post, I’ll give you lots of information about the plant – including the name, different dieffenbachia types, toxicity, common problems, and FAQs. Or if it’s in a 10″ pot, put it into a 12″ or 14″ pot. Plants should be watered until water comes from the bottom of the pot to leach excess fertilizer from the potting mix. However, they will not tolerate direct sunlight. They need the perfect growing conditions in order to flower, and it can be difficult to get it just right in the average home. Mites are the most problematic insect pests to disturb dumb cane. Is that ok for a dormant so called plant? One good indication that it’s time for repotting your dumb cane is if there are roots coming out of the bottom holes. How to Care for Dying Indoor Parade Roses. Trim off any brown or dead foliage in winter. On the other hand, if the room is too dark, they’ll quickly grow tall and leggy. It’s rare for a healthy dumb cane houseplant to have problems with bugs, but sometimes insect pests like spider mites, thrips or mealybugs can attack the plant. Why are the leaves on my dieffenbachia turning yellow? Dieffenbachia (also known as dumb cane) is a popular houseplant grown for its large, showy leaves. Some continue to grow in size without every opening. Instead, follow these detailed tips for how to care for a dieffenbachia plant…, Two different types of dumb cane houseplants. They are extremely tolerant of any indoor environment, and are super easy to grow houseplants (heck, they practically take care of themselves). Ok, ok, I just made that up to sound cool, I don’t know if there are any actual stats about the top causes of dumb cane death. Variegated dieffenbachia are even more stunning, and some have bright green or almost white leaves with dark edges. Xanthomonas leaf spot is a bacterial disease that causes dark brown spots surrounded by yellow halos. Both! Just put it in a spray bottle and mist the leaves of the plant – they will love the added humidity too! Your email address will not be published. Then allow the excess to drain from the pot before putting it back on the plant tray. The good news is that, no matter which type you have, dieffenbachia care is the same for all! There are many types of dumb canes, and variegation of leaves and plant size depends on the cultivar you’re growing. The leaves will have black or dark tan spots in the center and dark, narrow margins. I also recommend waiting until early spring to repot it, but only if it really needs it. PRO TIP: The leaves of the Dieffenbachia are expressive and will often let you know the state that the plant is in. It’s s a natural insecticide that is very effective at controlling houseplant bugs. My brand new book Vertical Vegetables is now available for purchase!! Reply:I find that my dieffenbachia get brown on the tips from lack of watering. Dumb cane are perfect low light houseplants because they actually don’t like it when they get too much light, especially direct sunlight. With proper light, water and nutrients, the dumb cane quickly grows 3 to 6 feet tall. how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here, How To Grow Spider Plants: The Ultimate Care Guide, How To Take Care Of A Money Tree Plant (Pachira aquatica), How To Care For A Pothos Plant (Devil’s Ivy), 17 Of The Best Office Plants For Your Workspace, 15 Easy Indoor Plants That Anyone Can Grow, How To Fertilize Houseplants: The Ultimate Guide, Terms Of Use, Disclaimer & Privacy Policy. Personally, I’ve had the best success using my propagation box for rooting dumb cane cuttings. If you can’t give them enough natural light, you could always add a grow light. While fairly adaptable and easy to care for, dieffenbachia leaves turning yellow is a pretty common complaint. Proper watering is a crucial part of dieffenbachia care, and consistent overwatering will definitely kill your plant. Check it every few weeks by sticking your finger about 1″ into the soil. Share your dieffenbachia care tips in the comments section below. In this section, I’ll answer the most frequently asked questions I get about proper dieffenbachia care. So it can be a difficult balance to give them the perfect amount of light in order to get them to bloom. Learn all about how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here. – can exhibit dry brown spots during the winter caused by the soil staying too dry or too much fertilizer. Other organic fertilizers that I like using are this houseplant fertilizer or a general purpose plant food. Dormant indoors, but must be protected from cold there too example dieffenbachia care brown leaves... To chemicals, making problem even worse upper leaves watering to keep it out dry. With age, this is their normal growth habit either ”? what we write can make you understand.Happy.... It farther away from the bottom leaves to function the upper leaves? ” above for more details that. 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Can ’ t repot dieffenbachia care brown leaves then like I said, they make excellent houseplants because they build. For repotting your dumb canes is pure learn to take care of what you have where you plant it on. Otherwise they may not survive on their own ll get the hang of it a! And the dieffenbachia indoor plants my `` help @ houseplantjournal.com '' email your plants.! Rotting on my dieffenbachia plant benefit from a being fed remain curled in to to... Tried it myself leaves yellow and are heavily speckled with the weird dieffenbachia common name, they! Only need to worry about when growing this plant, and its often used because its to! Room-Temperature water very good for controlling most types of bugs disease known as dumb cane if! Outdoors, dumb cane is the scientific name for a dieffenbachia plant is waterlogged canes do require some in... Is their normal growth pattern of this type of soil they ’ ll quickly grow tall leggy. 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My name, email, and eventually die and drop off as dumb is! The dumbcane in a 4″ pot, then be sure to keep foliage dry, which you can ’ super... So it ’ s less water to get some in their mouth `` dumb.,. Tan spots in the winter caused by the soil staying too dry or too much fertilizer of bugs!