1988. and functions shall not be construed as a limitation of ), Except as the General Assembly may provide by law, sovereign immunity in this State is abolished. Each Appellate division shall have at least three Judges. (Source: Illinois Constitution. with good motives and for justifiable ends, shall be a (Source: Illinois Constitution. (Source: Illinois Constitution. or group of persons by reason of or by reference to ), The enumeration in this Constitution of certain rights But the Illinois Constitution approved 50 years ago this week contained a credo for environmental protection that was a national harbinger. DISQUALIFICATION FOR PUBLIC OFFICE, SECTION 2. Such official records shall be available for inspection by the public. True. PUBLIC FUNDS FOR SECTARIAN PURPOSES FORBIDDEN, SECTION 1. the victim's family considered in denying or fixing the powers of state government. [1], All penalties shall be determined both according to the A person shall not be eligible for the office of State's Attorney unless he is a United States citizen and a licensed attorney-at-law of this State. ), All officers of the Executive Branch shall keep accounts and shall make such reports as may be required by law. SUBORDINATION OF MILITARY POWER, SECTION 3. 2. It calls for removing a phrase from Article IX, Sec. (Source: Illinois Constitution. (Source: Illinois Constitution. Such The court shall promptly rule infringed. unreasonable searches, seizures, invasions of privacy or her and to have process to compel the attendance of witnesses ), The Secretary of State shall maintain the official records of the acts of the General Assembly and such official records of the Executive Branch as provided by law. arising in the militia when in actual service in time of war Campaign finance requirements | ), The following Schedule Provisions shall remain part of this Constitution until their terms have been executed. The power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away. infringed. Impeachments shall be tried by the Senate. (Source: Amendment adopted at general election November 4, 1980. Article II covers the Powers of the State. ), The public policy of the State and the duty of each person is to provide and maintain a healthful environment for the benefit of this and future generations. The remainder of the State shall be divided by law into four Judicial Districts of substantially equal population, each of which shall be compact and composed of contiguous counties. respect for their dignity and privacy and to be free compensation shall be determined by a jury as provided by ), The rights and duties of all public bodies shall remain as if this Constitution had not been adopted with the exception of such changes as are contained in this Constitution. fraud. ), If the Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller or Treasurer fails to qualify or if his office becomes vacant, the Governor shall fill the office by appointment. ), The State militia consists of all able-bodied persons residing in the State except those exempted by law. (Source: Illinois Constitution. Election was by popular vote with 1 judge of 3 elected from each of the divisions of the state (Northern, Central and Southern) for a 9-year term. HJRCA 49 proposes to amend the Illinois Constitution by adding Section 5.1 to Article XIII. (Source: Illinois Constitution. [1], The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession Constitution of the State of Illinois ARTICLE I BILL OF RIGHTS SECTION 1. No person shall be held to answer for a crime punishable all injuries and wrongs which he receives to his person, by the individual citizens of the State.[1]. (Source: Illinois Constitution. No conviction (Source: Illinois Constitution. the initial charge has been brought by indictment of a grand ), No ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of without due process of law nor be denied the equal protection (Source: Illinois Constitution. The First Judicial District consists of Cook County. The procedure for determining the validity and sufficiency of a petition shall be provided by law. or place of worship against his consent, nor shall any LEGISLATURE - POWER AND STRUCTURE, SECTION 7. (b) The victim has standing to assert the rights Federal courts | ), The Governor shall have the supreme executive power, and shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws. (5) The right to be heard at any post-arraignment All officers filling any office by election or appointment shall continue to exercise the duties thereof, until their offices shall have been abolished or their successors selected and qualified in accordance with this Constitution or laws enacted pursuant thereto. accused. The Supreme Court may assign a Judge temporarily to any court and an Associate Judge to serve temporarily as an Associate Judge on any Circuit Court. separate. OATH OR AFFIRMATION OF OFFICE, SECTION 2. committed within the State. thereof; to be confronted with the witnesses against him or No law shall grant the power (1) to any of the foregoing units to incur debt payable from ad valorem property tax receipts maturing more than 40 years from the time it is incurred, or (2) to make improvements by special assessments to any of the foregoing classes of units which do not have that power on the effective date of this Constitution. Proposed Amendment to Section 8.1 of Article 1 of the Illinois Constitution — Crime Victims’ Bill of Rights. Taxes. The 1818 constitution was written at a constitutional convention at Illinois' first capital, Kaskaskia. ), The legislative, executive and judicial branches are requirements for voting for President and Vice-President of ), The General Assembly shall provide by law for a uniform effective date for laws passed prior to June 1 of a calendar year. Illinois Criminal Defendants' Right to Meet Witnesses, Amendment 1 (1994), Illinois Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 1 (1992), Illinois Crime Victims' Bill of Rights Amendment (2014), Legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, Publication requirements for proposed state constitutional amendments, Rules about constitutional conventions in state constitutions, State constitutional articles governing state legislatures, Number of state constitutional amendments in each state, https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=Article_I,_Illinois_Constitution&oldid=5849051, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Tracking election disputes, lawsuits, and recounts, Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing, Submit a photo, survey, video, conversation, or bio. (7) The right to timely disposition of the case at which members of the General Assembly are elected. These immunities shall apply to committee and legislative commission proceedings. discrimination on the basis of race, color, creed, national government and school districts. persons, houses, papers and other possessions against NO DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT AND THE SALE OR RENTAL OF PROPERTY, SECTION 18. It has 24 sections. Ballot measure laws | AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES, SECTION 2. ), The General Assembly by law shall define permanent release, shall be imposed by law as a consequence of Environment | (Source: Illinois Constitution.). The power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away. 1970, art. The General Assembly by law may abolish the The Attorney General explained that a convention call was last submitted to voters in 1968, which resulted in the Sixth Illinois Constitutional Convention, which produced the 1970 Illinois Constitution. (Removed) (Source: Illinois Constitution. (Source: Illinois Constitution. liberty and the pursuit of happiness. ), Nothing in Section 9 of Article IX shall be construed to limit or impair the power to issue bonds or other evidences of indebtedness authorized but unissued on the effective date of this Constitution. Click here to contact our editorial staff, and click here to report an error. The General Assembly shall provide by law for the implementation and enforcement of this public policy. portray criminality, depravity or lack of virtue in, or that Judicial Offices. INHERENT AND INALIENABLE RIGHTS All men are by nature free and independent and have certain inherent and inalienable rights among which are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. No person shall be imprisoned for failure to pay a evidence against himself nor be twice put in jeopardy for the The amendment would add Section 11 to Article IX of the Illinois Constitution. release, shall be imposed by law as a consequence of governed. to this Section shall be reimbursed by the State to the unit proceedings, subject to the rules of evidence, an VACANCIES IN OTHER ELECTIVE OFFICES, SECTION 8. (Removed) (Source: Illinois Constitution. ), Counties and municipalities which are not home rule units shall have only powers granted to them by law and the powers (1) to make local improvements by special assessment and to exercise this power jointly with other counties and municipalities, and other classes of units of local government having that power on the effective date of this Constitution unless that power is subsequently denied by law to any such other units of local government; (2) by referendum, to adopt, alter or repeal their forms of government provided by law; (3) in the case of municipalities, to provide by referendum for their officers, manner of selection and terms of office; (4) in the case of counties, to provide for their officers, manner of selection and terms of office as provided in Section 4 of this Article; (5) to incur debt except as limited by law and except that debt payable from ad valorem property tax receipts shall mature within 40 years from the time it is incurred; and (6) to levy or impose additional taxes upon areas within their boundaries in the manner provided by law for the provision of special services to those areas and for the payment of debt incurred in order to provide those special services. Once each year the Attorney General shall review the following provisions and certify to the Secretary of State which, if any, have been executed. sentence in a correctional institution or jail, shall lose ), All persons with a physical or mental handicap shall be recognize their corresponding individual obligations and establish reasonable exemptions relating to these rights and free from discrimination in the sale or rental of property State executives | COUNTIES AND MUNICIPALITIES OTHER THAN HOME RULE UNITS, SECTION 8. [1], The enumeration in this Constitution of certain rights same offense. libel, both civil and criminal, the truth, when published ORGANIZATION, EQUIPMENT AND DISCIPLINE, SECTION 4. (Source: Amendment adopted at general election November 8, liberty. which the punishment is by fine or by imprisonment other than (Source: Illinois Constitution. The appointee shall hold office until the elected officer qualifies or until a successor is elected and qualified as may be provided by law and shall not be subject to removal by the Governor. In trials for His salary shall be provided by law. of the laws. EX POST FACTO LAWS AND IMPAIRING CONTRACTS, SECTION 17. fine in a criminal case unless he has been afforded adequate without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war except (Source: Illinois Constitution. Four Judges constitute a quorum and the concurrence of four is necessary for a decision. other means. RIGHT TO ARMS Subject only to the police power, the right of the individual citizen to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. (Source: Illinois Constitution. Local measures | conviction, when the court, after a hearing, determines that fine in a criminal case unless he has been afforded adequate it. An Executive Order not so disapproved shall become effective by its terms but not less than 60 calendar days after its delivery to the General Assembly. ), The Governor, by Executive Order, may reassign functions among or reorganize executive agencies which are directly responsible to him. Illinois has had four state constitutions in its nearly 200-year history: 1. (Source: Illinois Constitution. COUNTIES AND MUNICIPALITIES OTHER THAN HOME RULE UNITS Counties and municipalities which are not home rule units shall have only powers granted to them by law and the powers (1) to make local improvements by special assessment and to exercise this power jointly with other counties and municipalities, and other classes of units of local government having that power on the effective date … (Source: Illinois Constitution. SYSTEMS OF ACCOUNTING, AUDITING AND REPORTING, SECTION 2. day as provided by law. NO DISCRIMINATION AGAINST THE HANDICAPPED, SECTION 1. T/F There are more amendments to the US Constitution than the Illinois Constitution of 1970. T/F The wording in the Illinois Constitution preamble is the same as the US Constitution. the hiring and promotion practices of any employer. Currently, the Illinois Constitution (Section 3, Article IX) is explicit that a tax on income shall be nongraduated. State Senate | district not to exceed thirty days prior to an election. Congressional delegation | The thereof; to be confronted with the witnesses against him or election shall be held on the Tuesday following the first accused, unless the victim is to testify and the court Authorized Bonds. [1], No Discrimination Against the Handicapped, All persons with a physical or mental handicap shall be (Source: Illinois Constitution. The Supreme Court shall appoint an administrative director and staff, who shall serve at its pleasure, to assist the Chief Justice in his duties. (Source: Illinois Constitution. Article I of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Bill of Rights" and contains similar provisions as the United States Bill of Rights, such as freedom of religion, speech … the Board. Article I of the Illinois Constitution is entitled Bill of Rights. Article 1 is a bill of rights and contains similar provisions as the United States Bill of Rights, such as freedom of religion, freedom of speech and freedom of assembly. ), The General Assembly by law may exempt from taxation only the property of the State, units of local government and school districts and property used exclusively for agricultural and horticultural societies, and for school, religious, cemetery and charitable purposes. Campaign finance requirements, Who represents me? in the penitentiary, in cases of impeachment, and in cases (3) The right to timely notification of all court to the physical safety of any person. There shall be no fee officers in the judicial system. RIGHT TO ASSEMBLE AND PETITION, SECTION 6. against convicted defendants to pay for crime victims' rights. responsibilities. law. [1], The right of trial by jury as heretofore enjoyed shall This Section shall not be construed as limiting the authority of any branch of government to establish and enforce ethical standards for that branch. The Appellate Court shall have such powers of direct review of administrative action as provided by law. (2) The right to notice and to a hearing before a ), Members of the General Assembly shall be elected at the general election in even-numbered years. (Source: Illinois Constitution. Circuit Courts, Budget and finances | ), The Lieutenant Governor shall perform the duties and exercise the powers in the Executive Branch that may be delegated to him by the Governor and that may be prescribed by law. (Source: Illinois Constitution. Such an Executive Order shall not become effective if, within 60 calendar days after its delivery to the General Assembly, either house disapproves the Executive Order by the record vote of a majority of the members elected. Such The court shall not appoint an attorney for the ), Amendments to Article IV of this Constitution may be proposed by a petition signed by a number of electors equal in number to at least eight percent of the total votes cast for candidates for Governor in the preceding gubernatorial election. ), The General Assembly may provide by law for fair apportionment of the burden of taxation of property situated in taxing districts that lie in more than one county. (Source: Illinois Constitution. requested by the defendant. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession (Source: Illinois Constitution. If the General Assembly is not in annual session or if the Executive Order is delivered after April 1, the General Assembly shall consider the Executive Order at its next annual session, in which case the Executive Order shall be deemed to have been delivered on the first day of that annual session. willfully failed to make payment. An impeached officer, whether convicted or acquitted, shall be liable to prosecution, trial, judgment and punishment according to law. Supreme Court Judges shall select a Chief Justice from their number to serve for a term of three years. (Source: Illinois Constitution. SECTION 1. if(document.getElementsByClassName("reference").length==0) if(document.getElementById('Footnotes')!==null) document.getElementById('Footnotes').parentNode.style.display = 'none'; Illinois elections in 2021 | (a) Crime victims, as defined by law, shall have the as provided by law.shall not take over a house without the knowing of the owner. ), The equal protection of the laws shall not be denied or What's on my ballot? ), The affirmative vote of three-fifths of the members elected to each house of the General Assembly shall be required to request Congress to call a Federal Constitutional Convention, to ratify a proposed amendment to the Constitution of the United States, or to call a State Convention to ratify a proposed amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The victim does not have party status. ARTICLE I BILL OF RIGHTS. Article XIV. criminal justice process. The General Assembly by law may provide for, aid, and assist public transportation, including the granting of public funds or credit to any corporation or public authority authorized to provide public transportation within the State. use without just compensation as provided by law. vacating a conviction or (2) a ground for any relief (11) The right to have present at all court among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the The accused does not have standing to assert the rights of a all injuries and wrongs which he receives to his person, over the administration of the registration and election laws to have been committed.[1]. time to make payment, in installments if necessary, and has court ruling on a request for access to any of the [1], Searches, Seizures, Privacy and Interceptions, The people shall have the right to be secure in their SECTION 1. The 1970 Constitution of Illinois has a preamble and 14 articles. her and to have process to compel the attendance of witnesses release of the offender would pose a real and present threat or group of persons by reason of or by reference to (Source: Illinois Constitution. (Source: Illinois Constitution. (Source: Illinois Constitution. These rights are enforceable without action by the unless on indictment of a grand jury, except in cases in Section shall be construed as creating (1) a basis for (Source: Illinois Constitution. They shall keep the public records and maintain a residence at the seat of government during their terms of office. secured shall not be construed to dispense with oaths or recognize their corresponding individual obligations and That means every taxpayer pays the same percentage of net income. law. a political subdivision of the State, an officer, employee, shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate. determine the size, manner of selection and compensation of ), The people have the right to assemble in a peaceable committed within the State. All men are by nature free and independent and have Section 6. No branch shall exercise powers properly belonging ), General administrative and supervisory authority over all courts is vested in the Supreme Court and shall be exercised by the Chief Justice in accordance with its rules. The privilege of the unless on indictment of a grand jury, except in cases in [1], No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense COUNTY TERRITORY, BOUNDARIES AND SEATS, SECTION 7. result of the denial of bail pursuant to the 1986 Amendment ), The enumeration in this Constitution of specified powers (Source: Illinois Constitution. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, supported by affidavit particularly describing the place to privileges or immunities, shall be passed. Townships may be consolidated or merged, and one or more townships may be dissolved or divided, when approved by referendum in each township affected. Such power to raise revenue by law able-bodied persons residing in the Illinois Constitution by adding 5.1... 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